MK-ULTRA:
THE SEARCH FOR THE
"MANCHURIAN CANDIDATE,"
[1] A STUDY OF THE MINDSET
BEHIND TODAY'S
NEW WORLD ORDER

November 3, 1998
Written By S.R. Shearer

[Much of the material for this report was gleaned from information derived from the report by the Select House and Senate Committees on the Investigation of the Assassination of John F. Kennedy which was convened during the late 1970s to review the work of the Warren Commission of a decade and a half earlier. This information [plus additional information, much of it from the Church Committee {i.e., Senator Church of Idaho}) was then compiled and put into a book by John Marks, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate.]

"Things are not always what they appear to be."
Paul Neuman to Sally Fields
in Absence of Malice

"The image in some places [of those who believe in human manipulation through depatterning (i.e., "brainwashing") and hypnosis] is of a monster of some kind who wants to pull a string and manipulate people. Nothing could be further from the truth. People are manipulated; I just want them to be manipulated more effectively."

B.F. Skinner

INTRODUCTION

To the uninitiated, MK-ULTRA was the CIA's effort at producing a "Manchurian Candidate" - the same kind of assassin who most likely was responsible for the assassinations of not only such Third World leaders as Patrice Lumumba in the Congo and Salvadore Allende in Chile, but also JFK, Robert Kennedy, Martin Luther King, and the crippling of Alabama governor, George Wallace - all here in the United States. [All of these men - the two Kennedy's, Martin Luther King, and George Wallace - (whether of the political left or the populist right) were considered to be threats to the "established order" of things, i.e., the elite establishments of both the Democratic and Republican parties.]

Americans, of course - especially "middle-class Christians" - like to believe that these kinds of things don't go on in the United States. Undoubtedly, they occur in Third World countries, in some European capitals, and - no doubt - in the Middle East, but surely not here. But the Bible says that "We are all sinners" (Romans 3:23) - and Americans are no more immune from these sorts of things than anyone else. The only thing we might be better at is in covering them up.

As you read this material, you will be amazed at what's been happening - at what the elites have been up to over the years; and you will be shocked by their unfeeling callousness and cold cynicism. Moreover, you will be stunned as you begin to grasp the fact that it's into this gloomy, cheerless and dismal world that the leadership of today's evangelical church is taking us with its new-found appetite for politics, and in the process polluting the church.

Christians need to realize that it's not without reason that the Bible says:

"My kingdom is not of this world; if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight ... but ... my kingdom (is) not from hence." (John 18:36)

"Do not love the world, or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For everything in the world ... comes not from the Father ..." (1 John 2:15-16)

"The whole world lieth in the evil one." (1 John 5:19)

To evangelicals - to Biblical literalists - the teaching of the Bible on the matter of the world has always been very clear: the Bible instructs us that the world - which must of necessity include the United States - is under Satan's control, and he is its ruler; he controls the world. Satan controls the entire world:

As God's children, we have been called out of the world for there is nothing that we can do to make it any better. The church is a calling out from the world (John 15:19; 17:14-16; Gal. 6:14; James 4:4) - she is called out to witness that she is not of this world, but of heaven; that she is united to a glorified Christ in heaven (Eph. 1:18-23; Eph 2:6), and not of this world, even as He is not of this world (John 18:36).

The world - including, as a simple extension of logic, the United States - is like some great passenger ship which has struck an iceberg; it is sinking; the damage is of such a nature that the ship is beyond repair and doomed. As Christians, we have not been called to busy ourselves in the hopeless effort of repairing the damage, but instead we have been called to get as many people off the ship as is possible before it sinks. The ship itself is doomed! We are to jump into the lifeboats and get as far away from the sinking ship as is possible, lest we ourselves get caught in its undertow as it sinks.

Thus, while it's true that God has anointed the church to be a shining example of righteousness and holiness in the world, He has not called upon it to participate in its political activities - which activities are controlled by Satan. We are to be examples of righteousness (but not self-righteousness) and holiness (by living simple, humble lives before God), and by doing so to contrast the light of the church with the darkness of this world. It is this - and not the church's involvement in the political process - which has acted as a preservative of righteousness in the world. The power and influence of a good and righteous example - humbly portrayed - is far more effective than the force of any political process. Men will never be convicted of their sin by the church taking sides with the state and placing guns to the heads of those who refuse to conform; but countless sinners have renounced their sin and turned to Christ because of the living example of humble and holy men and women of God.

We are, therefore, commanded by God to abstain from the affairs of this world; to not get involved with them. True, we are to "occupy" until He comes (Luke 19:13); but this means only that we are to vocationally sustain ourselves and not be a burden on others while we pass through - and that's all it means. In no way can this verse be construed to mean anything else. Moreover, not only are we not to involve ourselves with the world, we are not even to be "friendly" with it. The Bible says:

"You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world is hatred toward God? Anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God." (James 4:4)

In attempting to make common cause with the kind of people who created MK-ULTRA, all that we as evangelicals will accomplish is to pollute the church we love so well. But let's now return to the story!

MK-ULTRA AND THE ILLUMINATI MYTH

When one speaks of secret intelligence programs like MK-ULTRA - a CIA assassination program which the government denied for years even existed - thoughts of the Illuminati immediately spring to mind; visions of sinister, spectral old men (probably Jews) bent on the pursuit of world conquest and the destruction of Christianity, and all the while cunningly hidden behind an array of front men and organizations which obscure their real identities and true designs.

But the men behind MK-ULTRA did not dwell in the shadows; the truth is, they rather enjoyed the limelight. Nor were they Jews - if anything, they were anti-Semites. The "stuffed shirt" and egotistical cadre that constituted this elite considered Jews to be uncouth; vulgar; loud and boisterous; always "on the make" socially; given to a showy and tasteless materialism; and generally not the kind of people with whom one would like to associate. "Jew-lover" wasn't the sort of "tag" one would wish to have hung around his or her neck. It could - and often did - lead to social ostracism.

The truth is, most of the men who developed and promoted MK-ULTRA claimed to be Christian; they were all committed anti-Communists (after all, socialism threatened their wealth); and they shared a very absorbing common interest in "Big Oil" (which only lent fuel to the fire of their anti-Semitism: after all, "Big Oil's" interests lie with the Arabs, not the Jews). The truth is, the individuals who made up the elite which crafted MK-ULTRA were all white, Anglo-Saxon, "Ivy Leaguers" who shared a common "world view" and privileged social status which led invariably to the fact of their easy social, political, and economic intermingling. They were, in short, "The Establishment" - the very people that the Religious Right is crawling into bed with today in their effort "to take the country back for Christ and the church." It's these people - not the Jews and not the mythical Illuminati - that produced MK-ULTRA.

THE UTILITY OF THE ILLUMINATI MYTH
TO THE ELITES OF THE RELIGIOUS
RIGHT & "THE ESTABLISHMENT"

The fact is, myths like the Illuminati Myth are nothing more than very cleverly devised fables [please see our article, "Pat Robertson, Illuminism, And The New World Order"] fabricated to throw the "common folk" off the track of who "the real villains" are - of who it is that really controls the destiny of mankind. And that's not all: myths like the Illuminati Myth serve the very real purposes of certain leadership groups in the Christian community as well; by making the Jews the villains "of all that's wrong in this world," it allows Christian leaders to pick the pockets of the white, Anglo-Saxon economic elites who are the ones who really have the money, not the Jews - something that would be impossible if the "common folk" knew who it really was that oppressed them economically - i.e., the Anglo-Saxon elites the evangelical leadership is taking money from, not the Jews.

There is an amazing and very marvelous symbiosis here between the two groups insofar as the Illuminati Myth is concerned: the economic elites benefit from the Iluminist Myth by having the "common folk" put off their scent; and the leaders in the Christian community benefit from it because it enables them to maintain their lucrative relationship with these same elites. It was so in the aftermath of the French Revolution; it was so in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917 [after all, what led to both these revolutions was not the machinations of the Jewish community (which was oppressed as much by the ruling elites in these countries as were the "common folk") but the hideous and very burdensome economic and political oppression by these aristocracies of the common citizenry - aristocracies which were, as a result, justifiably swept away by these revolutions]; and it is so today. [Please see our article: "The Business Right and The Christian Right: An Alliance Made In Hell."]

But let's get back to our story; after all, the story of MK-ULTRA demonstrates more than adequately what we are talking about here.

THE ORIGINS OF MK-ULTRA

In the years immediately following World War II the United States embarked on a series of extremely covert, acutely bizarre and very grotesque mind-control experiments - all in the name of "national security." The mind-control program began when Stalin was still alive, when the memory of Hitler was fresh, and the terrifying prospect of global nuclear war was just sinking into the popular consciousness. The Soviet Union had subjugated most of Eastern Europe, and a Communist party had taken control of the world's most populous nation, China. War had broken out in Korea, and Senator Joseph McCarthy's anti-Communist crusade was on the rise in the United States. In both foreign and domestic politics, the prevailing mood was one of fear - even paranoia. A secret study commission under former President Hoover captured the spirit of the time:

"It is now clear we are facing an implacable enemy whose avowed objective is world domination by whatever means and at whatever cost. There are no rules in such a game. Hitherto acceptable long-standing American concepts of 'fairplay' must be reconsidered. We must develop effective espionage and counterespionage services and must learn to subvert, sabotage, and destroy our enemies by more clever, more sophisticated, and more effective methods than those used against us."2

MIND-CONTROL & JOSEF CARDINAL MINDSZENTY

And that's exactly what happened insofar as MK-ULTRA was concerned. All concepts of "right" and "wrong" were thrown away - and the U.S. intelligence community descended into a world of shadows and corruption every bit as great as the gloom and corruption that surrounded the activities of the KGB - especially as this activity related to "mind control." John Marks writes:

"In the early scientific age, the dream of controlling the brain took on a modern form in Mary Shelley's creation, Dr. Frankenstein's monster. The dream would be updated during the Cold War era to become the Manchurian Candidate, the assassin whose mind was controlled by a hostile government. Who could say for certain that such a fantasy would not be turned into a reality, like Verne's rocket stories or Einstein's calculations? And who should be surprised to learn that government agencies - specifically the CIA - (would become deeply involved in the creation of such a monster)?"3

The immediate impetus behind these experiments was the "show trial" of the Catholic primate for Hungary, Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, which occurred in Budapest following the Communist's seizure of power there shortly after the end of World War II. Psychologists and psychiatrists in the West were shocked by the appearance of the prelate at his trial, a trial in which he appeared with a glazed look in his eyes and seemed to be in a zombie-like trance. They became even more alarmed when he confessed in what appeared to be surrealistic, robot-style monotones to crimes of treason he obviously had not committed. His performance recalled the Moscow purge trials of 1937 at which tough and dedicated party apparatchiks had meekly pleaded guilty to a long series of improbable offenses. Mindszenty's trial and a string of similar post-war trials in other Eastern European countries seemed staged, eerie, and fictitious.

Experts in the West - especially those associated with the CIA - felt compelled to find out how the Communists had rendered the defendants zombie-like. In the Mindszenty case, a CIA Security Memorandum declared that "some unknown force" had controlled the Cardinal, and the memo speculated that communist authorities had used hypnosis on him.4 In 1953 CIA Director Allen Dulles made a rare public statement on communist brainwashing: "We in the West are somewhat handicapped in getting all the details," Dulles declared. "There are few survivors, and we have no human guinea pigs to try these extraordinary techniques."

Even as Dulles spoke, however, CIA officials acting under his orders had begun to find the scientists and the guinea pigs.

Some of their experiments would wander so far across the ethical borders of experimental psychiatry (which are hazy in their own right) that Agency officials thought it prudent to have much of the work done outside the United States.

DR. HAROLD WOLFF & DR. LAWRENCE HINKLE

Dulles as well as the heads of the other American security agencies (i.e., the NSA, the FBI, the DIA, and the various military intelligence organizations) became almost frantic in their efforts to find out more about what appeared at the time to be the success of the Soviet and Chinese efforts in mind control. Under pressure for answers, Dulles turned to Dr. Harold Wolff, a world-famous neurologist with whom he had developed an intensely personal relationship. Wolff was then treating Dulles' own son for brain damage suffered from a Korean War head wound. Together they shared the trauma of the younger Dulles' fits and mental lapses. Wolff, a skinny little doctor with an overpowering personality, became fast friends with the tall, patrician CIA Director. In late 1953, Dulles asked Wolff to conduct an official study of communist brainwashing techniques for the CIA. Wolff, who had become fascinated by the Director's tales of the clandestine world of the CIA, eagerly accepted.

Wolff formed a working partnership with Lawrence Hinkle, his colleague at Cornell University Medical College in New York City and began work - but their findings were not at all what the American intelligence community - and particularly Dulles - had wanted to hear. In essence, the study debunked the thought that the Soviets and the Chinese had discovered a "magic bullet" insofar as drugs, hypnotism, etc. were concerned as they related to "mind-control." The report stated flatly that neither the Soviets nor the Chinese had any "magical weapons" - no drugs, exotic mental ray-guns, or other fanciful machines. Instead, the report pictured communist interrogation methods resting on skillful, if brutal, applications of age-old police methodologies.

The study's portrait of the Soviet system anticipated, in a dry and scholarly form, the work of novelist Alexander Solzhenitzyn in the Gulag Archipelago. Hinkle and Wolff showed that the Soviet technique rested on the cumulative weight of intense psychological pressure and human weakness, and that they (i.e., the Soviets and the Chinese) did not make appreciable use of drugs or hypnosis nor did they possess the brainwashing equivalent of the atomic bomb (as many had feared). Furthermore, it appeared that the communists had made no substantial use of psychiatrists or other behavioral scientists. To be sure, it wasn't so much that Wolff and Hinkle thought that mind-control was an impossible dream; only that the Soviets and the Chinese had not yet mastered it.

Needless to say, their findings earned the two Cornell doctors the enmity of the more right-wing CIA officials - the same clique of CIA operatives who more than a decade later gathered around David Atlee Phillips when his name surfaced in connection with the JFK assassination during the Senate and House Investigations of the JFK matter in the late 1970s - specifically the CIA's "Old Boy Network" (i.e., Bill Casey, Allen Dulles, the shadowy and extremely enigmatic James Jesus Angleton, Richard Helms, Edward Hunter, etc.). [Please see our article, "Conspiracy Theories."]

THE BEGINNINGS OF AMERICA'S MIND-CONTROL EXPERIMENTS

Nonetheless, despite the findings of Wolff and Hinkle, the CIA (and her sister agencies) - alone among the West's other intelligence agencies - remained intrigued by the thought of mind-control, particularly brainwashing and hypnosis. The logic behind their fascination was familiar in the intelligence business: just because the Soviets and the Chinese had not invented a "mind-control machine," officials argued, there was no reason to assume that the task was impossible. If such a "machine" were even remotely feasible, one had to assume the communists might discover it. And in that case, national security required that the United States invent the machine first.

The resulting search for a "mind-control machine" eventually came to resemble a tiny replica of the Manhattan Project, grounded in the conviction that the key to mind-control lay in technology. Agency officials hoped to use old-fashioned American "know-how" to produce the necessary scientific breakthroughs in mind-control. Instead of turning to "tough cop" methodologies (which the Soviets seemed to favor but which repelled American sensibilities), or the guru-like methodologies of Oriental mass motivation (which the Chinese seemed to favor), the Agency's mind-control experts gravitated to technological solutions.

The search for a mind-control technology proceeded along two lines: (1) brainwashing and (2) hypnosis. Needless to say, pharmacology (i.e., the liberal use of mind-altering drugs) undergirded both avenues of approach.

One of the "outcomes" (and there were many) that the CIA was looking for was the creation of a "Manchurian Candidate" - i.e., an assassin who could not be traced to the CIA or any other American intelligence agency; hence the name of one of the most explosive exposé's of the activities of the CIA in the 1970s: John Marks'5 book: The Search for the Manchurian Candidate.

THE SEARCH FOR THE MANCHURIAN CANDIDATE BEGINS

The search led through three separate (yet overlapping) mind-control programs: BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE, and the most infamous of them all, MK-ULTRA. All the "heavies" at the CIA were involved, including Allan Dulles, Richard Helms, James Jesus Angleton, Sidney Gottleib, Ray Cline, etc. The search also included a whole array of "CIA academicians" like Dr. Ewen Cameron, the head of Allan Memorial Psychiatric Hospital in Montreal, Canada; Dr. Robert Hyde at Boston Psychopathic; Dr. Harold Abramson's group at Mt. Sinai Hospital and Columbia University Hospital in New York; Dr. Carl Pfeiffer at the University of Illinois Medical School; Dr. Harris Isbell of the NIMH-sponsored Addiction Research Center in Lexington, Kentucky; Dr. Louis Jolyon West at the University of Oklahoma; and Dr. Harold Hodge's group at the University of Rochester - all of them "big hitters" in American psychiatric circles. In addition, the CIA used a number of private foundations through which it channeled its funds to these academicians - foundations like the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, the Geschickter Fund for Medical Research, the Rockefeller Foundation and other similar institutions and foundations.6

What the CIA's mind-control experts were looking for was a way to create a "Manchurian Candidate" by -

  1. erasing (i.e., "brainwashing") the "candidate's" mind of all "tell-tale" threads which might be traced back to the "candidate's" "controllers,"

and

  1. creating in him by means of a method called "psychic driving" and deep trance hypnosis (somnambulism) the "desire" ("urge," "drive," "impulse," "stimulus," etc.) to kill a specific target on command.

DR. EWEN CAMERON

Most of the pioneer (and certainly the most controversial) work in brainwashing was "farmed" out secretly by the CIA to Dr. Ewen Cameron at Allan Memorial Psychiatric Hospital in Montreal, Canada. He had been chief of Psychiatric Medicine there since 1943, when the Rockefeller Foundation had donated funds to set up a psychiatric facility at McGill University. With continuing help from the Rockefellers, McGill had built a psychiatric hospital known far beyond Canada's borders as "innovative" and "exciting." Cameron was elected president of the American Psychiatric Association in 1953, and he became the first president of the World Psychiatric Association. His friends joked that they had run out of honors to give him. In addition to acquiring a brilliant researcher in Dr. Cameron, there was the added benefit that his work was based outside the United States (and the prying eyes of the various House and Senate oversight committees) - in Canada: Canadians, not Americans, were the guinea pigs that Cameron experimented on.

Cameron's passion lay in the more "objective" forms of therapy with which he could more easily and swiftly bring about improvements in patients than with the notoriously slow "Freudian methods" popular at the time. An impatient man, he dreamed of finding a cure for schizophrenia. No one could tell him he was not on the right track. Cameron's supporter at the Rockefeller Foundation, Robert Morrison, recorded in his private papers that he found the psychiatrist tense and ill-at-ease, and Morrison ventured that this may account for "his lack of interest and effectiveness in psychotherapy and failure to establish warm personal relations with faculty members, both of which were mentioned repeatedly when I visited Montreal." Another Rockefeller observer noted that Cameron "appears to suffer from deep insecurity and has a need for power which he nourishes by maintaining an extraordinary aloofness from his associates."

A CASE IN POINT: "LAUREN G."

Most of Cameron's work remains a closely guarded CIA secret - even today - and all this despite the "Freedom of Information Act."7 Nevertheless, a number of people have surfaced who are willing to "throw light" on what Cameron was up to - some who were even Cameron's patients. John Mark has interviewed one such patient. He named her "Lauren G" to preserve her anonymity. For 19 years, her mind had been blank about her experience. She remembered her husband driving her up to the old gray stone mansion that housed the hospital, Allan Memorial Institute, and putting her in the care of its director, Dr. Ewen Cameron. The next thing she recalled happened three weeks later.

"They gave me a dressing gown. It was way too big, and I was tripping all over it. I was mad. I asked why did I have to go round in this sloppy thing. I could hardly move because I was pretty weak. I remember trying to walk along the hall, and the walls were all slanted. It was then that I said, 'Holy Smokes, what a ghastly thing'. I remember running out the door and going up the mountain in my long dressing gown."

Marks continues by recounting what happened then; he writes:

"The mountain, named Mont Royal, loomed high above Montreal. She stumbled and staggered as she tried to climb higher and higher. Hospital staff members had no trouble catching her and dragging her back to the Institute. In short order, they shot her full of sedatives, attached electrodes to her temples and gave her a dose of electroshock. Soon she slept like a baby. [This, of course, is the stuff from which nightmares are made, and which - during the 1950s and early '60s - became grist for horror films - but it was real (editor)]

"Gradually, over the next few weeks, "Lauren G." began to function like a normal person again. She took basket-weaving therapy and played bridge with her fellow patients. The hospital released her, and she returned to her husband in another Canadian city.

"Before her mental collapse in 1959, "Lauren G." Seemed to have everything going for her. A refined, glamorous horsewoman of 30, whom people often said looked like Elizabeth Taylor, she had auditioned for the lead in National Velvet at 13 and married the rich boy next door at 20. But she had never loved her husband and had let her domineering mother push her into his arms. "I was really unhappy," she recalls. "I had a horrible marriage, and finally I had a nervous breakdown. It was a combination of my trying to lose weight, sleep loss, and my nerves."

"It was then that the family doctor recommended that her husband send her to Dr. Cameron. When "Lauren G.'s" husband delivered her to Cameron, the psychiatrist told him she would receive some electroshock, a standard treatment at the time. Besides that, states her husband, "Cameron was not very communicative, but I didn't think she was getting anything our of the ordinary." The husband had no way of knowing that Cameron would use an unproved experimental technique on his wife - much less that the psychiatrist intended to 'depattern' her. Nor did he realize that the CIA was supporting this work with ... secret funds."

THE FIRST STAGE IN THE CREATION
OF A "MANCHURIAN CANDIDATE:"
"DEPATTERNING" (i.e., BRAINWASHING)

An integral part of the "therapy" that Cameron prescribed for "Lauren G." was a treatment known as "depatterning" - a "therapy" of Cameron's own creation. Cameron defined "depatterning" as breaking up existing patterns of behavior, both the normal and the schizophrenic, by means of particularly intensive electroshocks, usually combined with prolonged, drug-induced sleep. Marks writes:

"Here was a psychiatrist willing - indeed, eager - to wipe the human mind totally clean. Cameron justified this tabula rasa approach because he had a theory of "differential amnesia." He postulated that after he produced "complete amnesia" in a subject, the person would eventually recover memory of his normal but not his schizophrenic behavior. Thus, Cameron claimed he could generate "differential amnesia." Creating such a state in which a man who knew too much could be made to forget had long been a prime objective of the MK-ULTRA program. Cameron wrote that when a patient remembered his schizophrenic symptoms, the schizophrenic behavior usually returned. If the amnesia held for these symptoms, as Cameron claimed it often did (evidence seems to suggest a fifty percent success rate), the subject usually did not have a relapse."8

Cameron's "depatterning," of which "Lauren G." had a comparatively mild version, normally started with 15 to 30 days of "sleep therapy." As the name implied, the patient slept almost the whole day and night. According to a doctor at the hospital who used to administer what he called the "sleep cocktail," a staff member woke up the patient three times a day for medication that consisted of a combination of 100 mg. Of Thorazine, 100 mg. Nembutal, 100 mg. Seconal, 150 mg Veronal, and 10 mg Phenergan.

Then another staff doctor and his assistant wheeled a portable machine into the "sleep room" and gave the subject a local anesthetic and a muscle relaxant, so as not to cause damage with the convulsions that were to come. After attaching electrodes soaked in saline solution, the attendant held the patient down and the doctor turned on the current. In standard, professional electroshock, doctors gave the subject a single dose of 110 volts lasting a fraction of a second, once a day or every other day. In contrast, Cameron used a form 20 to 40 times more intense, two or three times daily, with the power turned up to 150 volts. Named the "Page-Russel" method after its British originators, this technique featured an initial one-second shock, which caused a major convulsion, and then five to ten additional shocks in the middle of the primary and follow-on convulsions. Even Drs. Page and Russell limited their treatment to once a day, and they always stopped as soon as their patient showed "pronounced confusion" and became "faulty in habits" - i.e., when they began to urinate and defecate. Cameron, however, welcomed this kind of impairment as a sign the treatment was taking effect and plowed ahead through his routine.

The frequent screams of patients that echoed through the hospital did not deter Cameron or most of his associates in their attempts to "depattern" their subjects completely. As stated earlier, Cameron described this combined sleep-electroshock treatment as lasting between 15 to 30 days, with some subjects staying in for up to 65 days (in which case, he reported, he awakened them for three days in the middle).

Sometimes, as in the case of "Lauren G.," patients would try to escape when the sedatives wore thin, and the staff would have to chase after them. "It was a tremendous nursing job just to keep these people going during the treatment," recalls a doctor intimately familiar with Cameron's operation. This doctor paints a picture of dazed patients, incapable of taking care of themselves, often groping their way around the hospital and urinating and defecating on the floor.

THE VARIOUS STAGES OF
"DEPATTERNING" (i.e., BRAINWASHING)

Cameron wrote that his typical "depatterning" patient moved through three distinct stages. In the first phase, the subjects lost much of his memory. Yet he still knew where he was, why he was there, and who the people were who treated him. In the second phase, he lost his "space-time image," but still wanted to remember. In fact, not being able to answer questions like, "Where am I?" and "How did I get here?" caused him considerable anxiety. In the third stage, all that anxiety disappeared. Cameron described this state as "an extremely interesting constriction of the range of recollections which one ordinarily brings in to modify and enrich one's statements. Hence, what the patient talks about are only his sensations of the moment, and he talks about them almost exclusively in highly concrete terms. His remarks are entirely uninfluenced by previous recollections - nor are they governed in any way by his forward anticipations. He lives in the immediate present. All schizophrenic symptoms have disappeared. There is complete amnesia for all events in his life."

"Lauren G." and 52 other subjects at Allan Memorial received this level of "depatterning" in 1958 and 1959. Cameron had already developed the technique when the CIA funding started. The Agency sent the psychiatrist research money to take the treatment beyond this point. Agency officials wanted to know if, once Cameron had produced the blank mind, he could then program in new patters of behavior, as he claimed he could.

As early as 1953 - the year he headed up the American Psychiatric Association - Cameron conceived a technique he called "psychic driving," by which he would bombard the subject with repeated verbal messages. From tape recordings based on interviews with the patient, he selected emotionally loaded "cue statements" - first negative ones to get rid of unwanted behavior and then positive ones to condition in desired personality traits. On the negative side, for example, the patient would hear this message as he (she) lay in a stupor:

"Madeleine, you let your mother and father treat you as a child all through your single life. You let your mother check you up sexually after every date you had with a boy. You hadn't enough determination to tell her to stop it. You never stood up for yourself ... They used to call you 'crying Madeleine'. Now that you have two children, you don't seem to be able to manage them and keep a good relationship with your husband. You are drifting apart. You don't go out together. You have not been able to keep him interested sexually."

Leonard Rubenstein, Cameron's principal assistant, whose entire salary was paid from CIA-front funds, put the message on a continuous tape loop and played it for 16 hours a day for several weeks. An electronics technician, with no medical or psychological background, Rubenstein, an electrical whiz, designed a giant tape recorder that could play 8 loops for 8 patients at the same time. Cameron had the speakers installed literally under the pillows in the "sleep rooms." "We made sure they heard it," says a doctor who worked with Cameron. With some patients, Cameron intensified the negative effect by running wires to their legs and shocking them at the end of the message.

When Cameron thought the negative "psychic driving" had gone far enough, he switched the patient over to 2 to 5 weeks of positive tapes:

"You mean to get well. To do this you must let your feelings come out. It is all right to express your anger ... You want to stop your mother bossing you around. Begin to assert yourself first in little things and soon you will be able to meet her on an equal basis. You will then be free to be a wife and mother just like other women."

Cameron wrote that psychic driving provided a way to make "direct, controlled changes in personality." [Most Americans recognize these techniques from horror movies they've seen - what they don't realize is that these techniques originated at Allan Memorial Psychiatric Hospital as a result of the CIA's effort to find a "Manchurian Candidate" - editor.]

THE SECOND PHASE OF THE CREATION OF A
"MANCHURIAN CANDIDATE;" HYPNOSIS

The second phase of the CIA's program to create a "Manchurian Candidate" involved the use of hypnosis. Marks writes:

"No mind-control technique has more captured popular imagination - and kindled fears - than hypnosis. Men have long dreamed they could use overwhelming hypnotic powers to compel others to do their bidding. And when CIA officials institutionalized that dream in the early Cold War days, they tried, like modern-day Svengalis, to use hypnosis to force their favors on unwitting victims."9

At the time, the overwhelming majority of psychologists and psychiatrists in the country tended to believe that people could not be put under and told to do something that they ordinarily would not do. Nonetheless, there were a substantial number of prominent psychologists and psychiatrists who believed otherwise. The most vocal of the early proponents of this view was Dr. George "Esty" Estabrooks, the head of the Psychology Department at Colgate University who periodically advised the military and the CIA on various applications of hypnotism.

Estabrooks acknowledged that hypnosis did not work on everyone, and that only one person in five made a good enough subject to be placed in a deep trance or state of somnambulism. He believed that only these subjects could be induced to such things against their apparent will as reveal secrets or commit crimes. He had watched respected members of the community make fools of themselves in the hands of stage hypnosis, and he had compelled his own students to reveal fraternity secrets and the details of private love affairs - all of which the subjects presumably did not want to do.10

HYPNOSIS IS A MUCH MORE POWERFUL
TOOL FOR EVIL THAN MOST PEOPLE REALIZE

Marks writes that the CIA's first behavioral research czar, Morse Allen was intrigued by hypnosis. He read everything he could get his hands on, and in 1951 he went to New York for a four-day course from a well-known state hypnotist. This hypnotist had taken the Svengali legend to heart, and he bombarded Allen with tales of how he used hypnosis to seduce young women. He told Allen that he had convinced one mesmerized lady that he was her husband and that she desperately wanted him. That kind of deception definitely had a place in the spy business, and Allen was impressed. The hypnotist gave Allen a short one-week course in how to capture a subject's attention and induce a trance and Allen returned to Washington more convinced than ever of the benefits of hypnotism. With permission from his superiors, he decided to take his hypnotic studies further - right into his own office. He asked young CIA secretaries to stay after work and ran them through the hypnotic paces - proving to his own satisfaction that he could make them do whatever he wanted. He had secretaries steal SECRET files and pass them on to total strangers, thus violating the most basic CIA security rules. He got them to steal from each other and to start fires. He made one of them report to the bedroom of a strange man and then go into a deep sleep.

Marks goes on:

"On February 19, 1954, Allen simulated the ultimate experiment in hypnosis: the creation of a 'Manchurian Candidate', or programmed assassin. Allen's victim was a secretary whom he put into a deep trance and told to keep sleeping until he ordered otherwise. He then hypnotized a second secretary and told her that if she could not wake up her friend, 'her rage would be so great that she would not hesitate to kill her'. Allen left a pistol nearby, which the secretary had no way of knowing was unloaded. Even though she had earlier expressed a fear of firearms of any kind, she picked up the gun and 'shot' her sleeping friend. After Allen brought the 'killer' out of her trance, she had apparent amnesia for the event, denying she would ever shoot anyone."11

What all this seemed to prove was that people could indeed be made to do things which, under non-trance conditions, they would never do, even things that they had deep moral and religious convictions against - all this contrary to the contention of many psychologists, mainly those who had a stake in hypnosis as a therapeutic tool. Take Bill Bryan, at one time said to have been the "evil genius" of hypnotism. Bryan was famous for supposedly "hypno-seducing" up to a dozen women a day. While working for the CIA, he bragged that Sirhan-Sirhan had been one of his clients. Combining special drugs (which is a part of the process of "depatterning") and hypnotism, he was asked, "would it be possible to implant (a) killing obsession ... in someone?" His reply? - "Yes, indeed."

Getting back to the main story, Sidney Gottleib, who with Allen, was responsible for the CIA's early work with hypnosis farmed out much of the earlier part of the project insofar as the creation of a "programmed assassin" to a young Ph.D. candidate at the University of Minnesota. Allen Sears. Sears, who later moved his CIA study project to the University of Denver, worked with student subjects to define the nature of hypnosis. Among other things, he looked into several of the areas that would be building blocks in the creation of a Manchurian Candidate. Could a hypnotist induce a totally separate personality? Could a subject be sent on missions he would not remember unless cued by the hypnotist? The answer was apparently, "yes."

However, in 1957 he suddenly ended his experiments. He had evidently been shocked by the answers he had discovered and refused to go on. He severed his ties with the CIA and became a Methodist minister. He has since refused to talk about his experiments, believing that he had crossed an ethical boundary and wanted no part of what he had discovered.

Milton Kline,12 a New York psychologist who says he also did not want to cross the ethical line but was sure the intelligence agencies have done so, served as an unpaid consultant to Sears and other CIA hypnosis research. While he has refused to say what Sears discovered, or exactly what it was that Sears found out that repelled him so, he has said that "... nothing Sears or others found (out with regard to hypnosis) disabused him of the idea that the Manchurian Candidate is possible." "It cannot be done by everyone," Kline says, "It cannot be done consistently, but it can be done."13

"THROW AWAY ASSASSINS"

Throw away assassins - assassins that can't be traced back to anyone or connected to any ideology; assassins that can be made to appear as "crazed lone gunmen;" assassins that can't even remember why (and sometimes even if) they committed the crime - that's what the CIA was aiming at with MK-ULTRA - that's what the "search for the Manchurian Candidate" was all about; and that's precisely what Lee Harvey Oswald, James Earl Ray, and Sirhan-Sirhan appear to have been.

All three men fit the CIA's profile for a "throw-away assassin" - i.e., a Manchurian Candidate. All were ner-do-wells; drifters living on the periphery of society; loners; people who wouldn't be missed. And none of them were especially bright. In other words, they were, as psychologist Milton Kline14 describes, prime candidates for "depatterning" (i.e., brainwashing) and hypnosis. For example, take James Earl Ray: Ray was nothing more than a down-and-out petty thief: his criminal career was typified by such offenses as taxicab holdups and grocery store robberies, for which he usually got caught. The question arises, then, how could such a man pull off a complicated crime such as a sniper-fire assassination and make his way to London via Atlanta, Toronto and Portugal? How could he afford the travel expenses, much less plan the convoluted getaway in advance? And how could he concoct such an elaborate scheme, yet still be dumb enough to leave the murder weapon at the scene of the crime with his fingerprint on it? It fits perfectly the pattern of a CIA manufactured "hit" modeled after the design of a Manchurian Candidate. And the same is true of the other two: Lee Harvey Oswald and Sirhan-Sirhan.

Moreover, while there is little doubt that all three participated in the crimes they were ultimately charged with, all claim to have been in a kind of a trance at the time and had trouble remembering what happened. All claimed later to have been patsies. Certainly this is what Lee Harvey Oswald claimed shortly before he was shot by Jack Ruby. And that's exactly what Sirhan-Sirhan claims too. He cannot remember the assassination at all. It's as if a segment of his memory had been entirely erased. The last thing he remembers is having coffee with a woman. Investigators later found a notebook in which he (i.e., Sirhan) wrote that he had to kill RFK - but the writing had obviously occurred as a result of what psychologists call "automatic writing" - writing which occurs in a trance-like state.

FACTS DON'T ADD UP

Moreover, it's not just that a mountain of evidence has surfaced in recent years regarding the trance-like states of all three assassins when they committed their crimes, the facts which implicate each of them as "lone nuts" don't add up. We've already discussed the matter concerning Lee Harvey Oswald in our last newsletter, and the case concerning James Earl Ray has been rehashed over and over again in the press in recent years. But what about Sirhan-Sirhan?

Powder burns on Kennedy's clothing reveal that all three of his wounds were from a gun fired from 0 to 1-1/2 inches away. And yet, all witnesses claim that Sirhan's gun could not possibly have done this, for not one person places Sirhan's gun that close, and according to the general consensus Sirhan's gun never got closer than three feet away. And that's not all! Sirhan's gun could hold only eight bullets. And yet, seven bullets were dug out of bodies, an eighth bullet was traced through two ceilings into airspace, and two more bullets were identified as lodged in the door frame of the pantry by both LAPD and FBI personnel (the fresh bullet holes were even labeled as such on their photographs). [Inexcusably, the door frames were burned, and the Los Angeles Police Dept. later claimed that no bullets had been found lodged in the "bullet holes;" interestingly, two expended bullets (inexplicably dug out of wood) were later found in the front seat of Sirhan's car (obviously the bullets that had been earlier dug out of the doorframe). The LAPD then destroyed the records of their tests on the "bullet holes."]

But that's not the end of it. Three bullets were found in Robert F. Kennedy, and a fourth grazed his suit jacket. The upward angle of every shot was so steep as to be much closer to straight up than horizontal (80 degrees). And yet, all witnesses claim Sirhan's gun was completely horizontal for his first two shots, after which his gun hand was repeatedly slammed against a stem table (and now so far away from Kennedy that any errant shots of such upwardness would have been twenty feet high before reaching Kennedy, as opposed to entering Kennedy's backside as they did). Moreover, the four bullets which touched Kennedy all hit on his back right side and were traveling forward relative to his body. But Kennedy was walking towards Sirhan, his body was always facing Sirhan during the shots. Afterwards he even fell backwards before saying his last lucid words, ("Is everyone all right?"). At each and every moment during this time he was facing toward Sirhan. It is, therefore, impossible for bullets out of Sirhan's gun to have hit Kennedy's backside.

Obviously Sirhan shot at Kennedy, but it is clear someone else was firing too. And once a second assassin is established, this adds far more than just another lone individual to the murder gang (because of the way many powerful branches of government instantly swung into action to protect the second assassin). Indeed, any second assassin virtually proves that powerful branches of U.S. Government were behind the murder itself - not only because of their stiff resistance from the get go, but because of their ongoing, coldly calculated, and otherwise inexplicable manipulation of evidence for keeping Sirhan as the single murderer.

Now, it's important to remember in this connection that the great utility of a Manchurian Candidate lies not necessarily in the fact of his ability to actually carry out the planned assassination, but rather in the fact a second and sometimes a third gunman was used to make the actual "hit" - true experts at assassination. In this kind of scenario, the Manchurian Candidate becomes the patsy to mask the identities of the real killers - killers the CIA cannot afford to "throw away."

But there's more: immediately following the assassination, a police "All Points Bulletin" was put out for a shapely, well-built woman in a polka dot dress (and the man with her) - based on a report by a married couple who saw them fleeing the scene, the female suspect with a smile on her face who excitedly said "We shot him." The APB was quickly canceled by the highest echelons of the LAPD, and all information taken down about the eye witnesses disappeared. Sandra Serrano, who was on the back stairs at the time of the assassination, saw Sirhan walk up the stairs with a "polka dot woman" and another man, and later saw the "polka dot woman" and the man coming down the stairs alone and the woman saying "We shot him!" However, Captain Lynch of the LAPD belatedly claimed that he had been on the back stairs at the time and that no one was there (and thus Sandra Serrano was a liar and not a credible witness). Even so, a remarkable number of other people still claim that a polka dot woman "appeared to be with Sirhan " just prior to the assassination. By now, the "official" story of the assassination of RFK is so shot full of holes that hardly anyone believes it any more.

THE ILLUMINIST MYTH AS A SUBSTITUTE
FOR THE GOVERNMENT'S LOST CREDIBILITY

As a result of all this, the government has suffered an almost irreversible loss of credibility insofar as the trust of ordinary Americans is concerned. The fact is - as we indicated in our last newsletter - a great majority of the American people (89 percent) no longer believe the government's "official" version of the facts concerning the assassinations of JFK, RFK, and Martin Luther King. Moreover, the government's loss of credibility in these matters has spilled over into countless other spheres of government activity (i.e., Waco, Ruby Ridge, etc.) - and so much so that many every-day Americans no longer think the government is capable of telling the truth.

The loss of the government's credibility in these and other matters has had severe ramifications insofar as the elites are concerned. The fact is, when so much credibility is lost, "revolution is in the wind" - something that the elites are genuinely fearful of. As we indicated in our article, "Conspiracy Theories:"

"Despite the mythology which surrounds elite power, it is in reality a very delicate and fragile thing. Challenges to that control have a way of expanding once they take hold among the governed; assaults which are initially (and sometimes quite legitimately) mounted against one individual or segment of the elite have a way of extending to other members, and from there on ad infinitum. It's for this reason that elites often feel obligated to spring to the defense of even their most offensive members, of quashing information (even well-substantiated information) which - should it become public knowledge and believed - could incite enough anger to cause the kind of discontent which might eventually lead to their destruction.

"Once such challenges gain "critical mass," all bets are off and the elite can easily become prey to the mob."

The fact is, almost one-third of the American population now actually hates the government as a result of all the lying the government has been up to. Historically, when elite credibility has slipped this far, the elite's "fall-back" position has been to let their allies in the Christian Right prattle on about a supposed "Illuminist Plot" involving a secret cabal of Jewish conspirators. This is precisely what happened just prior to the French and Russian Revolutions. It's not so much that the elites themselves directly promote such nonsense as it is the fact that they allow their toadies in the Christian Right to do so. It's all so "under the table," and the great utility of it all is that it throws those who no longer believe the "official story" off their track and on to the Jews; after all, it makes no difference to the elites how the "mob" is thrown off their scent, only that they are.

But not everyone has been so easily thrown off their scent - and one of those was no less a personage than President Dwight David Eisenhower.

EISENHOWER'S WARNING AGAINST THE
DANGER OF UNCHECKED ELITE POWER

President Eisenhower warned on several occasions, most notably in his "Farewell Address" of January 17, 1961, that a dangerous elite of power was developing in the United States which was no longer responsive to the cares and desires of ordinary Americans - specifically, that advances in technology combined with the growing defense needs of the country had created an opportunity for elites in the military establishment, "Big Business," and politics to exert an undue and improper influence on the formation and conduct of national policy. The warning was especially striking coming from Eisenhower, a product himself of the military and good friend, as it had been assumed, of "Big Business."15 He described the "complex" as a tri-centered nexus of power which consisted of a corporate center, a political center, and a military center. Each was intertwined with the other, and each fed off the other. He warned:

"A vital element in keeping the peace is our military establishment. Our arms must be mighty, ready for instant action, so that no potential aggressor may be tempted to risk his own destruction. Our military organization today bears little relation to that known by any of my predecessors in peacetime, or indeed by the fighting men of World War II or Korea.

"Until the latest of our world conflicts, the United States had no armaments industry. American makers of plowshares could, with time and as required, make swords as well. But now we can no longer risk emergency improvisation of national defense; we have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions. Added to this, three and a half million men and women are directly engaged in the defense establishment ...

"This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience. The total influence - economic, political, even spiritual - is felt in every city, every Statehouse, every office of the Federal government. We recognize the imperative need for this development. Yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the very structure of our society.

"In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

"We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.

"Akin to, and largely responsible for the sweeping changes in our industrial-military posture, has been the technological revolution during recent decades.

"In this revolution, research has become central, it also becomes more formalized, complex, and costly. A steadily increasing share is conducted for, by, or at the direction of, the Federal government.

"Today, the solitary inventor, tinkering in his shop, has been overshadowed by task forces of scientists in laboratories and testing fields. In the same fashion, the free university, historically the fountainhead of free ideas and scientific discovery, has experienced a revolution in the conduct of research. Partly because of the huge costs involved, a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity. For every old blackboard there are now hundreds of new electronic computers.

"The prospect of domination of the nation's scholars by Federal employment, project allocations, and the power of money is ever present - and is gravely to be regarded.

"Yet, in holding scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite."16

And what Eisenhower saw in 1961 insofar as the development of an "elite of power" has now progressed to the point where, as Michael Parenti alleges,

"... the symbolic political system centered around electoral and representative activities including party conflicts, voter turnout, political personalities, public pronouncements, official role-playing and certain ambiguous presentations of some of the public issues which bestir presidents, governors, mayors and their respective legislatures ..." has been made all but meaningless, and a new system of elite power has taken hold of the country - what Parenti calls the substantive political system - "... involving multi-billion dollar contracts, tax write-offs, protections, rebates, grants, loss compensations, subsidies, leases, giveaways and the whole vast process of budgeting, legislating, advising, regulating, protecting and servicing major producer interest - now bending or ignoring the law on behalf of the powerful, now applying it with the full punitive vigor against heretics and 'troublemakers'."

The fact of the matter is, the protestations of those involved in the militia movement and other similar populist movements (of both the right and the left) against elite power is not all that "off the mark." Their effort to identify the elite may not be that accurate (because the new elite is anything but a Jewish cabal); nonetheless, their contention that the mass of the American public has been rendered impotent by an all-powerful elite which has seized command of the country and is now moving to seize control of the world is fairly accurate.

WE HAS MET THE ENEMY AND THEY IS US

But again, it's not some Jewish cabal that's behind what's going on, but white, Anglo-Saxons, most of whom call themselves Christian - in short, they are what is commonly referred to in academia as "The Establishment." They are the ones in command of the major hierarchies and organizations of modern society. They rule the big corporations. They run the machinery of the state and claim its prerogatives. They direct the military establishment. In short, they are the very people against whom President Eisenhower warned the nation in 1961 (and for which he received the defamation of almost all his former friends and associates); they are, in fact, the very people that Oliver Stone pointed to in his unjustly maligned movie, JFK.17

And it is precisely from this elite that the CIA has drawn most of its operatives over the years - Richard Helms, Allen Dulles, Bill Casey, James Jesus Angleton, Edward Hunter, etc.; this is the clique, as we indicated earlier, which more than a decade after the assassination of JFK gathered themselves around David Atlee Phillips when his name surfaced in connection with the JFK assassination during the Senate and House Investigations of that matter in the late 1970s - specifically the CIA's "Old Boy Network." [Please see our article, "Conspiracy Theories"]

The same clique whose ties run deep into the Corporate boardrooms of most of America's Fortune 500 corporations, the same clique of operatives whose souls were bought long ago by "Big Oil" - SOCAL, Gulf, ARAMCO, the Bechtel Corporation, etc. - AND THESE ARE THE VERY SAME PEOPLE WHO TODAY THE RELIGIOUS RIGHT IS GETTING INTO BED WITH.

No! - it's not the Jews; it's not the Illuminati, it's not Texe Marrs' ridiculous and imaginary "Circle of Intrigue" - it's the very people that Tim LaHaye, Pat Robertson, James Dobson, Paige Patterson, D. James Kennedy and all the rest have got us involved with over the past two or three decades.

You might, of course, say, "Why is all this important to me?" Well, there's a very good reason. If you remain with those people and institutions which are now beginning to involve themselves in "taking the country back for Christ and the church," you may very well end up sharing their fate as the "end of days" draw to a close. It's not without reason that the Bible warns us:

"And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.

"For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

"And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

"For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. (Rev. 18:2-5)

Sincerely,

S.R. Shearer


  1. Based to a large extent on material from the book, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate by John Marks.
  2. See page 216 of The Search for the Manchurian Candidate for the references to the pertinent CIA documents.
  3. Ibid., pg. 9.
  4. Please see page 216 of The Search for the Manchurian Candidate for the references to the pertinent CIA documents. Please also see pgs. 215-230 for a thorough bibliography on sources.
  5. John Marks became famous in the early 1970s when the government censored portions of the book he had co-authored with Victor Marchetti, The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence. A freelance journalist and former Senate aide and State Department official, he lives in Washington D.C. with his wife and child.
  6. John Mark, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, pg. 59
  7. The "Freedom of Information Act" was passed by Congress after Watergate and the subsequent hearings on the hidden (and illegal) "goings on" of America's various intelligence agencies. It was supposed to "flush" out into the open such activities.
  8. John Mark, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, pg. 134.
  9. John Mark, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, pg. 182.
  10. John Mark, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, pg. 19
  11. John Mark, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, pg. 183. Morse Allen's training in hypnosis was described in CIA Document # A/B, V, 28/1, 9 July 1951. His hypnosis experiments in the office are described in a long series of CIA memos - please see page 227, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate.
  12. A onetime president of the American Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Kline was one of the many outside experts to whom the CIA talked.
  13. Op. Cit., Marks, pg. 187.
  14. A onetime president of the American Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Kline was one of the many outside experts to whom the CIA talked.
  15. A "new" Eisenhower seemed to emerge during 1959 and 1960, when the President, at last in health, and acting without the advisers -- Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, and Presidential Assistant Sherman Adams -- who had dominated the early years of his administration, began to use the powers of his office to implement his policies and to check the rise of certain influential factions in the government.
  16. Eisenhower's "Farewell Address To The Nation," Presidential Papers.
  17. The power of this "complex" so concerned Eisenhower that - alone and without the knowledge of his heretofore most trusted advisors (Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, CIA Chief Allen Dulles and Presidential Assistant Sherman Adams), he took to the air on January 17, 1961 to warn the nation against it.

We need your help to spread the word concerning Antipas Ministries and the eschatological viewpoint it represents; WE NEED YOUR HELP BECAUSE WE DO NOT "LINK" WITH OTHER SO-CALLED "CHRISTIAN" WEBSITES which are, for the most part, "in the tank" insofar as their loyalty to the United States is concerned - a loyalty that has made them partners in the BLOODY trail the American military has left in its TERROR-RIDDEN rampage throughout the world, as well as making them partners in the abject poverty that American corporations have imposed on the peoples and nations the American military machine has ravaged - A BLOODY, TERROR-RIDDEN RAMPAGE THAT HAS TO A LARGE DEGREE BEEN CARRIED OUT IN THE NAME OF THE "PRINCE OF PEACE." [Please see our articles, "The Third World as a Model for the New World Order," Inside the American New World Order System" and "The American Empire: The Corporate / Pentagon / CIA / Missionary Archipelago."]

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