DOGS ON A LEASH
[Blacks and Latinos are being targeted;
they had better wake up and "smell the coffee"]
June 26, 2006
by: S.R. Shearer
"... nation (ethnos) shall
rise against nation (ethnos), and kingdom against kingdom ..." ["Ethnic
groups (races) shall rise against ethnic groups (races), and tribal groups
against tribal groups …"]
the 22nd of June, 2006, the Department of Justice announced the
arrest of seven black Miami men as "home grown" terrorists allied
to al Qaeda and dedicated to "the destruction of the United States."
However, the indictment that has been leveled against them appears very flimsy,
and seems to be more the product of a deliberate scheme of "entrapment"
than anything else. Nonetheless, authorities indicate that the arrests are
extremely important because they "evidence" the development of "homegrown"
terrorists that are being spawned largely in the black community - a community
that they insist is already predisposed against the United States as a result
of the influence of Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam. Blacks in the
United States had better wake up and "smell the coffee," as it were;
they are being targeted! - and it will only grow worse in the months and years
decade and a half ago, Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray anticipated
this result in their vulgar tome, The Bell Curve; they wrote:
"Racism will reemerge in [the United States in] a new and more virulent
form. The tension between what the white elite is supposed to think [i.e.,
that all races are equal] and what it is actually thinking about race [i.e.,
that the white race is in fact much superior] will reach something close to
a breaking point. This pessimistic prognosis must be contemplated: when the
break comes, the result, as so often happens when cognitive dissonance is
resolved, will be an overreaction in the other direction [i.e., away from
multiculturalism and toward racism] … We realize how outlandish it [may] seem
to predict that educated and influential [white] Americans … will openly revert
to racism, [nonetheless, we believe that] it is more than just possible. If
it were to happen, [a 'custodial state' would develop] ... which would be
more unpleasant - more vicious - than anyone can now imagine ... By 'custodial
state' we have in mind a high-tech and more lavish version of the Indian reservation
for some substantial minority of the nation's population, while the rest of
America tries to go about its business ..."
The Bible speaks of
"RACE WARS" as one of the key characteristics of the "end
of the age:" one race or ethnic group RAGING against another
race or ethnic group - and there, in the middle of it all, is the American
New World Order System and the American Church, egging it all on as a "Woman"
riding a "Beast."
has long been a very necessary ingredient in the politics of empire that the
elites of the American New World Order System use to insure their economic
supremacy, especially as that supremacy is connected to the elite's search
for cheap labor and cheap raw materials. The inhumane and brutal way the elites
treat their workers and those they are pillaging of their God-given patrimony
(e.g., oil from the peoples of the Middle East, rare metals and other minerals
from the people of Africa, etc.) practically guarantees that these elites
- who are, after all, mostly white - would treat the other races and peoples
of the earth as flawed or "less than human."
The truth is, it's psychologically
impossible for one to mistreat and brutalize people the way the elites do
and still call those whom one is mistreating and robbing "human."
Hence, the effort by these elites to pass their workers and those they are
pillaging off as something less than human. AND MAKE NO MISTAKE ABOUT IT,
THE ELITE'S HANDMAIDEN IN THIS EVIL SUBTERFUGE IS AND ALWAYS HAS BEEN THE
AMERICAN CHURCH. Take, for example, how the so-called "Hamitic
Hypothesis" - a repulsive and horrible contrivance originally designed
by the "Planter Aristocracy" of the Old South to justify the institution
of slavery - has and continues to be a staple in justifying the way white
Christians treat blacks. While today it's not something that white Christians
speak about "out loud," one can still hear this myth being whispered
about in their intimate conversations and in the privacy afforded them in
their own living rooms.
THE HAMITIC HYPOTHESIS
The "Hamitic Hypothesis" derives principally
from Genesis 9:18-27. These verses recount the story of Ham, the son of Noah,
who, upon discovering his father naked and in a drunken stupor, "exposed"
him to his brothers, Shem and Japheth. [Some commentators conjecture that
the sin committed by Ham involved much more than "exposure;" specifically,
bestiality and sodomy.] Canaan, Ham’s son, was also apparently involved. When
Noah awoke, he "knew" what Ham had done and pronounced a curse in
retribution; interestingly, only Canaan is directly mentioned: "Cursed
be Canaan; a servant of servants he shall be to his brothers." (Gen.
According to the hypothesis, Ham and Canaan were
"marked" in the pigmentation of their skin (i.e., they were made
black) and thereby became the fathers of the "Negro" or "black
race" - and the curse [i.e., "a servant of servants he (Canaan)
shall be"] accounts for why the "black race" has suffered
to such an extent at the hands of whites and Arab slave traders.
There are, of course, a number of problems with
this hypothesis: first, there is nothing in the Scriptures which suggests
any kind of "marking" in reference to Ham and Canaan - Nothing!
There is, of course, the "sign" or mark which was placed on Cain,
the son of Adam, after he slew Abel; but presumably, all of Cain’s progeny
were killed off as a result of the Flood.
Nor is there any Biblical indication that Canaan
and his descendants settled in Africa. The Bible is quite specific as to where
Canaan settled: Palestine [which is not to say that the modern-day Palestinians
are the descendants of Canaan either; they (the original Canaanites) appear
to have been killed off].
THE SONS OF CUSH
There is Cush, of course, another son of Ham,
who is generally regarded by certain Bible expositors and Orthodox Jews as
the father of the African people; but there is nothing in the Scriptures which
indicate that the curse which was pronounced against Ham and Canaan devolved
on Cush. The Bible is quite specific as to the direction the curse was to
take insofar as Ham’s descendants were concerned: it was to fall on Canaan
and his progeny - and the certainty that it did not fall on Cush is indicated
by the fact that Nimrod, one of Cush’s sons, became the most powerful man
of his time - and hardly could it be said of him that he was a "servant
of servants" to his brethren, which most decidedly would have happened
if one takes these verses literally, which one must if he really considers
himself to be an evangelical.
The truth is, there is NOTHING in the Scriptures
which in any way indicates that Cush and his descendants were cursed; on the
contrary, there is much which argues the opposite: specifically that the African
people were a peculiar treasure unto the Lord and enjoyed a very special relationship
with Him. Psalm 68:31 says that Ethiopia (i.e., Africa) "stretched
out her hands to God" (and that God, as a result, embraced her in
a very close and peculiar way); and Psalm 87:4 lists Ethiopia (Africa) as
a peculiar treasure unto God, a people who "know" Him and
worship Him in a manner that is due particular recognition: "I shall
mention ... Ethiopia among those who know Me."
Finally, the great care with which the Lord specifically
commissioned the Gospel to Africa (Acts 8:27-40) has no parallel to any other
people in the Scripture outside the Jews. One thing is sure: nothing is similarly
said of white Europeans - something which white evangelicals would do well
to take note of before they start - directly or indirectly - buying into the
Racial Christianity which pervades the thinking of many in the American New
World Order System and the American Church.
THE RACIAL THEOLOGY OF R.J. RUSHDOONY
Nevertheless, none of these facts seems to make
any difference at all to most white, evangelical Christians, Christians who
have by now imbibed far too deeply of the "Dominionist mindset"
of R.J. Rushdoony - and it should be noted in this
connection that the theology that Rushdoony postulates is the very "Crusader
Theology" that now undergirds the American New World Order System.
THIS SHOULD GIVE PAUSE TO NON-WHITE CHRISTIANS THE WORLD OVER WHO SEEK
IN ANY WAY TO TIE THEMSELVES TO THE AMERICAN CHURCH. The fact is, if they
continue in this fawning stupidity, what they will find out in time is that
they have attached themselves to the American New World Order System and the
American Church in much the same way a dog is attached to his master: ON
Rushdoony is a firm
believer in the false "race science" of eugenics, the same kind
of mindset that undergirded the Nazi state. For example, he writes:
"Clearly history has witnessed genetic deterioration. Selective breeding
in (white) Christian countries has led to a degree to the progressive elimination
of many defective persons (i.e., people of mixed race) ..."
On blacks, Rushdoony
"The white man has behind him centuries of Christian culture and the
discipline and selective breeding this faith requires [and heaven only knows
where he got such an idea, certainly not from the Bible, maybe from some genetic
handbook left behind at Aushwitz by Joseph Mengele - editor] ... The Negro
is a product of a radically different past, and his heredity has been governed
by radically different consideration."
"The background of Negro culture is African and magic ... Voodoo, or
magic, was the religion and life of American Negroes. Voodoo songs underlie
jazz, and old voodoo, with its power goal, has been merely replaced with revolutionary
voodoo, a modernized power drive." [And notice here, Rushdoony - in using
the word, "revolutionary" - is plainly playing to the fears of whites
that blacks are out to get them.]
On black slavery, Rushdoony
"The law (i.e., the "law" that Rushdoony and his cohorts would
set up in their idealized "Christian state") here is humane and
also unsentimental. It recognizes that some people (i.e., blacks and "lesser
sorts") are by nature slaves and will always be so. It both requires
that they be dealt with in a godly manner and also that the slave recognize
his position and accept it with grace."
RICHARD J. HERRNSTEIN & CHARLES MURRAY
AND ALL THIS FROM THE FATHER OF AMERICAN DOMINIONISM! - the very theology
that undergirds the "crusader mentality" of today's American New World
Order System. None of this bodes well for "people of color" the world
over. But it isn't as if Rushdoony is not supported in this "pseudo-science"
by the American elites. Their position on "race" and the "pseudo
science" of eugenics was made abundantly clear some fifteen years ago by
Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray in their churlish, pseudo-scientific
tome on intelligence and American society, The Bell Curve, Richard J.
Herrnstein 1 and Charles Murray 2 contend that the key
to explaining much of this country's inequality - and most of the social problems
that result from it - is economic stratification by a unitary entity called
intelligence or "cognitive ability" - as measured by I.Q.
Christopher Caldwell, reporting in The American
Spectator, a conservative magazine popular with politically motivated
Christian evangelicals, writes,
"The central argument of The Bell Curve is that intelligence
is important to success; and emerging technologies and global trade make brain
power more important than ever. Society's institutions - universities, businesses,
governments - are selecting the brain-workers they need with increasing accuracy,
and compensating them with increasing largesse. The probable result: a growing
identification of native intelligence with socioeconomic standing, a widening
gap between rich and poor, and a stratification of America into intellectual
castes, with a few hi-tech communications wizards living in privately policed
suburbs and a horde of unskilled Calibans trapped in rotting cities and rural
IN OTHER WORDS, THE POOR HAVE ONLY THEMSELVES
TO BLAME FOR THEIR POVERTY; IT HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH HOW THEY ARE MISTREATED
BY THE ELITES, AND EVERYTHING TO DO WITH THEIR OWN "INNATE STUPIDITY."
HOW CONVENIENT FOR THE ELITES AND THE CHURCH THAT SUPPORTS THEIR GREED AND
THE RACIAL DIMENSION IN THE BELL CURVE
Caldwell reports, however, that these conclusions
are not really new - that many members of the "intellectual class"
already embrace such thinking; for example, former Labor Secretary Robert
Reich (The Work of Nations) and Mickey Kaus (The End of Equality).
WHAT'S NEW IS THAT HERRNSTEIN AND MURRAY INTRODUCE RACE INTO THE EQUATION
[essentially in two of the book's twenty-two chapters (chapters thirteen and
fourteen), although the subject pops up again in Part IV (chapters seventeen
"Why was what was okay for Reich and Kaus to say an outrage for Herrnstein
and Murray? The answer, as anyone who has followed the controversy knows,
is a second conclusion of The Bell Curve: that the (growing) intellectual
stratification ... has a racial dimension."
"There are measurable intelligence differences between the races that
education can narrow only slightly, if at all. The lumpen class the authors
envision will be disproportionately black (and Latino), while there will be
... (a disproportionate share of) whites ... among the symbolic analysts."
NOW, THIS IS CRAP! - PURE AND SIMPLE! HOWEVER,
BROTHERS AND SISTERS, IT'S VERY IMPORTANT THAT YOU PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO
WHAT IS BEING SAID HERE. IT IS ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL THAT YOU UTTERLY
STRIP YOURSELF OF THIS KIND OF THINKING; IF YOU FAIL TO DO SO, YOU WILL BE
SWEPT AWAY BY THE ETHNIC FURES OF THE "END OF DAYS." WHAT FOLLOWS
IS AN EXPOSE OF THE KIND OF THINKING THAT WILL COME TO DOMINATE THE AMERICAN
NEW WORLD ORDER SYSTEM AND THE AMERICAN CHURCH IN THE COMING DAYS. INDEED,
THIS KIND OF THINKING IS ALREADY FAIRLY WELL-ESTABLISHED IN THE MINDSET OF
MOST EVANGELICAL CHRISTIANS RIGHT NOW - EVEN TODAY! IT'S JUST
THAT IT HASN'T AS YET BROKEN OUT ON THE SURFACE. BUT SOON, VERY SOON, IT WILL.
INDEED, IT SEEMS TO BE DOING JUST THAT IN THE ARREST OF THE SO-CALLED "MIAMI-SEVEN."
Herrnstein and Murray start with some general
propositions about intelligence: (1) that the liberal journalistic consensus
that I.Q. describes nothing real or important is diametrically opposed to
the "hard-nosed" consensus of the scientific world; (2) that "g"
or "general intelligence" can be measured accurately by I.Q. tests,
and that they are not biased against ethnic groups; and (3) that I.Q. is largely
hereditary and is passed on from parents to children - all of which is EXACTLY
what Rushdoony postulates above.
In addition, the authors make what they think
is an important concession which they believe goes a long way in mitigating
any charges of racism by "liberal authorities:" intelligence is
not an all-determining factor governing the success or failure of any one
given individual - that other factors (such as ambition, drive, hard work,
environment, etc.) play important roles. Nonetheless, they contend that predictable
behavioral patterns do emerge when one studies I.Q. across large population
groups. [AND, ONCE AGAIN, THIS IS THE TACT THAT MOST IN THE WHITE EVANGELICAL
CHURCH WOULD TAKE - WHICH IS WHY BLACK PASTORS SUCH AS TONY EVANS OF THE OAK
CLIFF BIBLE FELLOWSHIP AND HIGH BLACK GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS SUCH AS SECRETARY
OF STATE CONDOLEEZZA RICE ARE ACCEPTED INTO THE RANKS OF THE ELITES, WHILE
AT THE SAME TIME GIVING WHITES REASON TO WRITE THE REST OF THE BLACK COMMUNITY
OFF AS "FAILURES." THIS IS WHAT I CALL THE "GEORGE WASHINGTON
Such a group (as indicated above) has been made available by the National Longitudinal
Survey of Youth (NLSY), a federally funded study of 12,686 students who were
age 14 to 22 in 1979, and have been followed ever since. The authors rely heavily
on this study, which records I.Q., socioeconomic status, occupation, income
level, criminal behavior, and other traits - and they cross-reference dozens
of other studies done this century.5
THE BELL CURVE
When one charts people along an axis by intelligence,
the resulting distribution is a "bell curve" - a statistical curve
which gives its name to the book - with the vast majority of people stacking
up in the middle range, and the remainder on two slopes at each end of the
curve - one with significantly dumber individuals (the left slope), and one
with significantly smarter people (the right slope). Using "standard
deviation" - a measurement of probability - Murray and Herrnstein separate
this curve into five groups, determined by I.Q. percentile: very dull (0 to
5th percentile), dull (6th to 25th percentile), normal (26th to 75th percentile),
bright (76th to 95th percentile), and very bright (96th to 100th percentile).
It is among the very few people who inhabit the respective ends of the curve
that the "predictive power of I.Q." becomes problematic for policy.
Herrnstein and Murray believe that I.Q. has momentous implications for human
behavior. For example, starting at the smart end, they supply statistical ammunition
to the Kaus thesis that American society is being pulled centrifugally into
castes by intellect. This sorting, they contend, begins initially in the elementary
and secondary school systems and continues through the university system where
the dullards are gradually (and mercilessly) weeded out; then it carries on
into the job market where the bright are directed into a narrow range of high-intellect
professions, where I.Q. averages 117. At the other end of the bell curve - at
the stupid end - are bunched in disproportionate numbers the poor, the violent,
the dishonest, and the irresponsible.6
TWO SOCIETIES IN ONE NATION
This data, the authors suggest, leads one to the
inevitable conclusion that America is gradually developing two societies -
one which is full of bright, high-achievers; the other full of the dull, the
violent, and the economically dependent [and one that has been made that way
largely as the result of their inherited intelligence (I.Q.)] - an underclass
which has a substantial and relatively independent role in creating its own,
very dangerous pathology.
Indeed, Herrnstein and Murray write,
"The underclass (i.e., those on the left side of the bell curve) will
become even more concentrated spatially than it is today. The expanded network
of day care centers, homeless shelters, public housing, and other services
will always be located in the poorest part of the inner city, which means
that anyone who wants access to them will have to live there. Political support
for such measures as relocation of people from the inner city to the suburbs,
never strong to begin with, will wither altogether. The gaping cultural gap
between the habits of the underclass and the habits of the rest of society
... will make it increasingly difficult for children who have grown up in
the inner city to function in the larger society even when they want to."7
CLASS (RACE) WARFARE
Herrnstein and Murray warn that if the conditions which are dividing the country
into cognitive caste systems are not alleviated, an explosion is sure to result
- an explosion which will most likely manifest itself in race warfare - and
that this will occur largely because people have fixated on the perceived racial
dimension of the underclass; that is, because it's largely black and Latino8.
"Racism will reemerge in a new and more virulent form. The tension between
what the white elite is supposed to think and what it is actually thinking
about race will reach something close to a breaking point. This pessimistic
prognosis must be contemplated: when the break comes, the result, as so often
happens when cognitive dissonance is resolved, will be an overreaction in
the other direction. Instead of the candor and realism about race that is
so urgently needed, the nation will be faced with racial divisiveness and
hostility that is as great as, or greater, than America experienced before
the civil rights movement."9[AND WE CAN SAY - AND NOT WITHOUT
REASON GIVEN THE ARREST OF THE "MIAMI-SEVEN" AND THEIR DUBIOUS CONNECTION
WITH THE NATION OF ISLAM (AFTER ALL, AREN'T THEY ALL BLACK?) - THAT THIS BREAKING
POINT HAS NOW BEEN REACHED.]
The authors continue,
"We realize how outlandish it (may) seem to predict that educated and
influential (white) Americans, who have been so puritanical about racial conversation,
will openly revert to racism, (nonetheless, we believe it is worth worrying
about) ... (We think that) it is more than just possible. If it were to happen,
(a custodial state would develop) ... which would be more unpleasant - more
vicious - than anyone can now imagine ... by 'custodial state' we have in
mind a high-tech and more lavish version of the Indian reservation for some
substantial minority of the nation's population, while the rest of America
tries to go about its business ... Extrapolating from current trends, we project
that the policies of custodialism will be not only tolerated but actively
supported by a consensus of the cognitive elite. To some extent, we are not
even really projecting, but reporting. The main difference between the position
of the cognitive elite that we portray here and the one that exists today
is to some extent nothing more than the distinction between tacit (understandings)
and explicit (understandings)."10[AGAIN, ISN'T THIS THE
KIND OF THING WE IN ANTIPAS HAVE BEEN WORRYHING ABOUT FOR SOME TIME? INDEED,
ONE HAS ONLY TO SEE OUR RECENT SERIES OF ARTICLES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A
POLICE STATE TO SEE WHAT'S HAPPENING HERE.]
Moreover, Herrnstein and Murray caution that the
problem dividing the underclass from the cognitive elite is growing; they
"During the 1980s, (liberal) scholars (thought they had) found evidence
that the underclass was no longer expanding. But even as they wrote, the welfare
rolls, which had moved within a narrow range since the late 1970s began to
And it has not stopped "surging" since,
bringing with it all the attendant problems associated with underclass dysfunction:
illegitimacy, teen pregnancy, criminality, joblessness, welfare, etc.
As if to punctuate the truth of Herrnstein and Murray's predictions, Rep. Charles
Rangel (D-NY) has already labeled the effort by the new Republican majorities
in the House and Senate to remove the social programs supporting the underclass
as "class" and "race" warfare 12 - an assault
on one "culture" [the "dullards" - or those who inhabit
the lower end (the left side) of the bell curve] by another [those that occupy
the high end (the right side) of the bell curve - the "cognitive elite."]
Of course, Rangel wouldn't put it in those terms, but these are certainly the
terms Herrnstein and Murray would use. There is, thus, some truth to Rangel's
assertion - and the fact that he has expressed it in racial terms lends credence
to Herrnstein and Murray's warning that unless something is done - and done
quickly - the battle between the underclass and the cognitive elite will soon
begin in earnest, and that it will express itself in racial terms.
This, at last, brings us to the matter of dysgenesis
- defined as the social process that leads to a decline in the genetic quality
of a society; according to Caldwell, the authors' most depressing observation
is this: Americans - taken as a whole - are getting stupider, since lower-intellect
individuals - of all races - are having babies earlier and more frequently
than their more intelligent contemporaries. Caldwell writes,
"As this book went to press, the average I.Q. of mothers in the NLSY
was 95.7. The authors speculate ... that immigrants now coming to the U.S.
may (also) have lower I.Q.s than the norm ... To warn of the dangers of even
minor dysgenesis, the authors show the hypothetical behavioral fallout of
a 3-point drop in the mean of the NLSY: an 11 percent increase in the poverty
rate, an 8 percent rise in children born out of wedlock, a 13 percent rise
in jailings. They describe the results as 'worth worrying about and worth
trying to do something about'."13
"It certainly is worth worrying about. As for doing something about
it, however, one can go back to the status quo ante of the Great Society
- reducing, or even eliminating, AFDC to take away the incentive for (the
production of) a raft of low-I.Q. babies - but what if that is not sufficient
to bring the gene pool up to snuff? There will surely be some to argue, Why
stop there? Doesn't sterilization of criminals, with their average I.Q. of
84, provide the chance to kill two birds with one stone?"14
"It's here that we suddenly find ourselves in the territory of classical
However, even Caldwell, a secular conservative
given to anthropological discourse, recoils at the thought; he warns that
"... all the known solutions (of classical eugenics) have typically
been worse than the problem itself."16
EUGENICS: IS A FAIR DISCUSSION POSSIBLE?
Still, the authors feel compelled to broach the
subject. They write,
"Of all the uncomfortable topics we have explored ... (one) of the most
uncomfortable ones ... (is) that a society with a higher mean I.Q. is also
likely to be a society with fewer social ills and brighter economic prospects,
and that the most efficient way to raise the I.Q. of a society is for smarter
women to have higher birth rates. Instead, America is going in the opposite
direction (i.e., dumber women are having babies in disproportionate numbers),
and the implication is a future America with more social ills and gloomier
economic prospects. These conclusions follow directly from the evidence we
have presented at such length, and yet we have so far been silent on what
to do about it."17
Why? - in a sense, the authors have already explained
- ten pages earlier; they write,
"... the existence of (any) differences (between individuals) must be
discussed gingerly, when they are human differences. (But when) ... the differences
are associated with membership in a group, censorship arises. In this book
we have trod on one of those most sensitive areas by talking about ethnic
(racial) differences ... The permissible answers, often even the permissible
questions, are sharply circumscribed. The moral outlook that has become associated
with equality has spawned a vocabulary of its own. Discrimination, once a
useful word with a praiseworthy meaning, is now almost always used in a pejorative
sense. Racism, sexism, ageism, elitism - all are in common parlance, and their
meanings continue to spread, blotting out more and more semantic territory
... Mainstream political figures have found that their allegiance to the rhetoric
of equality must expand very far indeed, for a single careless remark can
irretrievably damage or even end a public career. In everyday life, the ideology
of equality censors and straitjackets everything from pedagogy to humor. The
ideology of equality has stunted the range of moral dialogue to triviality.
In daily life - conversations, the lessons taught in public schools, the kinds
of screenplays or newspaper feature stories that people choose to write -
the moral ascendancy of equality has made it difficult to use concepts such
as virtue, excellence, beauty and - above all - truth."18
And there's more! - there is something greater
and more ominous lurking behind Herrnstein and Murray's apparent anxiety.
"We are silent here ... (also) because we are as apprehensive as most
other people about what might happen when a government decides to social-engineer
who has babies and who doesn't."19
What exactly are Herrnstein and Murray talking about here? - clearly, they're
talking about eugenics20 - defined as "a political strategy"
denoting some sort of social control - or "social-engineering," as
they call it - over human reproduction; specifically, the effort to "improve"
the hereditary substrata of a given population through the promotion of public
policies designed to encourage the reproduction of genetically superior groups
("positive eugenics"), and the concomitant effort to fabricate methods
designed to prevent genetically inferior groups from having children ("negative
eugenics")."21 Clearly, Caldwell was right in his assessment
as to the direction Herrnstein and Murray were tending.
Eugenics! - It took Herrnstein and Murray 548
pages to reach the point (4 pages from the end), but there it is! And should
we be surprised? - after all, what should one expect from a book which promulgates
the thought that most of the ills of the nation can be solved if only the
country had a better "gene pool" - or, as Herrnstein and Murray
"... a society with a higher mean I.Q. is also likely to be a society
with fewer social ills and brighter economic prospects ..."22
GIVING THE GAME AWAY
But, after quickly broaching the subject - and
tantalizing and titillating the readers - Herrnstein and Murray beat a hasty
retreat. Essentially, they seem to agree with Caldwell about the dangers associated
with the subject. They write,
"We can imagine no recommendation for using the government to manipulate
fertility that does not have dangers." 23
They've come so far, and one can't help but feel
that they would have preferred to go further - but the times, being what they
are, they couldn't go on. [BUT THESE TIMES - FIFTEEN YEARS LATER - HAVE
NOW CHANGED - EDITOR.]
Instead, they feel compelled to limit their suggestions
to ending programs which they believe aid the "over production"
of low-I.Q. babies. They write,
"... this highlights the problem: the United States already has policies
that inadvertently social-engineer who has babies (through programs like the
Food Stamp program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, etc.), and it
is encouraging the wrong women."
"... if the United States did as much to encourage high-I.Q. women to
have babies as it now does to encourage low-I.Q. women, it would rightly be
described as engaging in aggressive manipulation."24
It's precisely here, however, that Herrnstein
and Murray discreetly give their game away - and they do so by revealing their
perception of these programs (i.e., AFDC, food stamps, etc.). What some people
see as aid to the poor - and nothing more - Herrnstein and Murray see as a
program of "reverse eugenics" - aiding low-I.Q. women to have high
birth rates, thereby lowering the quality of America's overall "gene
pool." To Herrnstein and Murray, it's a matter of genes, not aid to the
poor. [IT SHOULD BE NOTED HERE THAT - FIFTEEN YEARS LATER - MANY OF THESE
PROGRAMS HAVE NOW BEEN GUTTED UNDER THE IMPRESS OF BOTH THE CLNTON
AND BUSH ADMNISTRATIONS.]
Obviously, they feel stymied in proposing an actual
eugenics policy - or anything that could possibly be construed as such - to
aid in the production of high-I.Q. babies by high I.Q. women, but they do
feel compelled to call for policies which would at least establish a neutral
eugenics policy - one that at least doesn't encourage low-I.Q. women to have
a disproportionate number of babies, babies Herrnstein and Murray believe
they wouldn't ordinarily have. They write,
"The technically precise description of America's fertility policy (i.e.,
its "reverse eugenics" policy) is that it subsidizes births among
poor women, who are also disproportionately at the low end of the intelligence
distribution. We urge generally that these policies, represented by the extensive
network of cash and services for low-income women who have babies, be ended.
The government should stop subsidizing births to anyone, rich or poor (as
if the rich need to be subsidized; obviously they mean the poor - editor).
The other generic recommendation, as close to harmless (i.e., acceptable in
today's political climate) as any government program we can imagine, is to
make it easy for women to make good on their prior decision not to get pregnant
by making available birth control mechanisms [by which, as both have stated
on previous occasions - they mean abortion (at least as one of several alternatives,
hardly a program, we suppose, that Christians would wish to endorse)] that
are increasingly flexible, foolproof, inexpensive, and safe."25
CHRISTIAN EVANGELICALS & A
CONSERVATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE BELL CURVE
In assessing the book, Caldwell writes,
"... The Bell Curve is a comprehensive, responsible treatment
of its subject, never mean-spirited or gloating ... Its crucial data are supplied
in appendices for the reader's independent examination. Its science is never
fuzzy or self-contradictory. Among the dozens of hostile articles that have
thus far appeared on the book, none has successfully refuted any of its science
... The fact that it has been written is a profile in courage."26
Many evangelicals - while deploring some of the
book's potentially racist implications - have enthusiastically embraced its
findings. They see in its conclusions an easy (and reasonable) explanation
for the seeming under achievement of many of the nation's minority communities
- an under achievement which thirty years of liberal social tinkering, affirmative
action, and "Great Society" programs have done little to alleviate.
And here one probably should not blame white evangelicals from making the
jump from applying the results of The Bell Curve from individuals to
racial groups: in a world where everyone is judged as an individual, such
a jump would, of course, be patently absurd; after all, a black physicist
with an I.Q. of 140 is still a black physicist with an I.Q. of 140. But over
the last thirty years, society has been increasingly organized to favor racial
(or group) rights over individual rights, and countless numbers of Americans
now automatically think in those terms. To ask them now to suddenly stop is
not only inappropriate, it's too much to ask. In a world where most Americans
have been taught to think in terms of group rights, group entitlements, and
group achievements, the fact that blacks and Latinos are grouped disproportionately
at the left side of the bell curve is a fact which cannot possibly go unnoticed
Indeed, The Bell Curve has been so widely
acclaimed in conservative Christian circles - if only in hushed whisperings
- as an explanation for black and Latino under achievement that the editorial
staff at Christianity Today found it necessary to warn its readers
to be careful about doing so - to resist, as it were, the temptation of applying
its conclusions to groups rather than to individuals. The warning appeared
in an editorial in the December 12th (1994) issue entitled "For Whom
the Bell Curves." The editorial reads,
"The authors' (Herrnstein and Murray's) conservatism may give The
Bell Curve a stronger than usual hearing among ... evangelicals, but ...
the implications of their findings ought to raise serious concern ... (Christians
may) use The Bell Curve to reinforce stereotypes of blacks (and Latinos)
..."27[WHICH IS EXACTLY WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THE
INTERVENING FIFTEEN YEARS SINCE THE BOOK'S PUBLICATION.]
Nonetheless, the evangelical community's secular right-wing allies have been
urging evangelicals to ignore such warnings as "fuzzy-headed:"28
facts are facts, they say, and if blacks, Latinos and other minorities are not
the intellectual equals of whites, we'll just have to learn to live with it.
After all, God is sovereign, and possibly - just possibly - we, as white Christians,
made a big mistake when - under the impress of "foreign, Marxist ideologies"
- we accepted the silly and somewhat inane notion that all men are equal, thereby
relinquishing our burden to be our less well-endowed brother's keeper - the
"White Man's Burden," as the great British statesman, Cecil Rhodes
put it. Herrnstein and Murray apparently agree; they write,
"The Founders wrote frankly about the inequality of men. For Thomas
Jefferson, it was obvious that ... (people) were especially unequal in virtue
and intelligence. He was thankful for a 'natural aristocracy' that could counterbalance
the deficiencies of the others, an 'aristocracy of virtue and talent, which
Nature has wisely provided for the direction of the interests of society ..."
Herrnstein and Murray continue,
"The other founders, including Madison, Hamilton, and Washington - ruminated
in the same vein (as Jefferson) about the inequality of men and the political
implications of that inequality ... The perversions ... (implicit) in the
egalitarian ideal that began with the French Revolution and have been so plentiful
in the twentieth century are not accidents of history ... Egalitarian tyrannies,
whether of the Jacobite or the Leninist variety, are worse than inhumane.
They are inhuman."29
CHRISTIANS HAD BETTER BE CAREFUL
But before white evangelicals adopt wholesale the paternalistic attitudes toward
the minorities which are purveyed in The Bell Curve [because that, after
all, is the way The Bell Curve is being translated by most Americans
- evangelicals being no exception, an attitude which is sure to divide white
evangelicals from these communities] - there are a number of reasons why we
GROUPS HAVE IMPROVED
THEIR OVERALL GROUP I.Q.
First, Herrnstein and Murray appear to be greatly mistaken in their claim that
"racial groups" cannot improve their overall I.Q. test scores - for
example, Jews and certain Asian populations which score high today, scored near
the bottom of the "Bell Curve" at the turn of the century (please
see the November issues of The Nation and New Republic). [Please
also see David Perkins, Learnable Intelligence: Breaking the I.Q. Barrier,
which appears in the same Free Press catalogue as The Bell Curve, and
Robert Sternberg, Beyond I.Q.]31
PREMISE OF THE BELL CURVE
RESTS ON EVOLUTIONISM
Second, Christians, especially those who call themselves "Creationists,"
have other reasons to doubt the conclusions of The Bell Curve. The plain
fact of the matter is, the scientific premise of psychometry32 (i.e.,
intelligence testing) - and ipso facto, The Bell Curve - is predicated,
in the end, on evolutionism. That alone should be reason enough for any evangelical
to question the underlying "science" on which Herrnstein and Murray
rely. And this is no presumption on our part: both Herrnstein and Murray acknowledge
the link between psychometry and evolutionism throughout the book. For example,
in describing the history of psychometry, they write - on page 1, no less -
"Variation in intelligence became the subject of productive scientific
study in the last half of the nineteenth century, stimulated, like so many
other intellectual developments of that era, by Charles Darwin's theory of
evolution. Darwin had asserted that the transmission of inherited intelligence
was a key step in human evolution, driving our simian ancestors apart from
the other apes."
ARE CHRISTIANS PREPARED TO ADMIT
THAT LOW I.Q. & SIN EQUATE?
Third, and more telling still, is the link that
Herrnstein and Murray make between criminality and I.Q. The authors write,
"The statistical association between crime and cognitive ability has
been known since intelligence testing (i.e., psychometry) began in earnest.
The British physician Charles Goring mentioned a lack of intelligence as one
of the distinguishing traits of the prison population that he described in
a landmark contribution to modern criminology early in the century."33
Herrnstein and Murray continue,
"How big is the difference between criminals and the rest of us? Taking
the literature as a whole, incarcerated offenders average an I.Q. of about
92.8 points ... The population of nonoffenders averages more than 100 points;
an informed guess puts the gap between offenders and nonoffenders at about
10 points. More serious or more chronic offenders generally have lower scores
than more casual offenders ... Not only is there a gap in I.Q. between offenders
and nonoffenders, but a disproportionately large fraction of all crime is
committed by people toward the (low) end of the scale of intelligence."34
In other words, sin (i.e., criminality) - to a
certain degree - is the result of low I.Q. And Christians need to fully understand
that this is exactly the point Herrnstein and Murray are making - they are
not being "woolly" about it: they believe that there is a clear
correlation between low-I.Q. and sin. As if to emphasize the point, Herrnstein
and Murray continue,
"Some critics ... argue that offenders whose I.Q. we know are unrepresentative
of the true criminal population; the smart ones presumably slipped through
the net ... But how much of a bias does this introduce into the data? Is there
a population of uncaught offenders with high I.Q.s committing large numbers
of crimes? The answer seems to be no ... There is no evidence for any other
large population of offenders, and barely enough crime left unaccounted for
to permit such a population's existence ..."35
Using data obtained from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY),36
the authors push on,
"In the ... data available, the I.Q.s of uncaught offenders are not
measurably different from the ones who get caught. Among those who have criminal
records, there is still a significant negative correlation between I.Q. and
frequency of offending. Both of these kinds of evidence imply that differential
arrests of people with varying I.Q.s, assuming they exist (at all), are a
minor factor in the aggregate data."37
CONTRADICTS THE BIBLE
To say the least, Christians had better be careful
here! - what Herrnstein and Murray are clearly implying plainly contradicts
the teaching of the Bible - that "All have sinned and come short of the
glory of God" (Romans 3:23); that sin (i.e., "criminality")
has nothing to do with I.Q., but is contingent upon man's "fallen nature;"
that the propensity to sin is resident in all humans - and in equal amounts,
regardless of intelligence. Or perhaps, there was no need (or less of a need)
for Christ to hang on a cross for those with high I.Q.s, only for those with
low "cognitive abilities?" [And one should not make the mistake
that Herrnstein and Murray have made some kind of distinction between sin
and "criminality" - that perhaps there is more violence associated
with "criminality" than there is with sin - and that is what the
authors are really talking about. Nonsense! Herrnstein and Murray make no
such distinction! and neither does the Bible.]
At the very least, it would appear - if one subscribes to the findings of Herrnstein
and Murray - that the "protective power of elevated intelligence"38
is a shield against man's disposition towards sin. But this is patently absurd
from a Biblical perspective! - and extremely dangerous from a sociological standpoint;
it's this kind of perspective that produced the first "mercy killings"
of "substandard" human beings in Germany in 1936, and to say that
this couldn't happen in this country if this type of thinking really takes hold
is extremely naive.
THE EUGENIC ROOTS OF
THE BELL CURVE
Fourth, and finally, despite the authors' Herculean
attempts to disconnect The Bell Curve from the sordid history of the
Eugenics Movement, the attempts must be judged as failures.
Even the well-respected conservative magazine American Spectator sees
the connection. Clearly Caldwell saw it39 - and one cannot help but
excuse the panic all this has, as a result, produced in the black and Latino
population - the protestations of Herrnstein and Murray notwithstanding. To
members of both communities, the scholarly - and, therefore, rather tepid -
racist disclaimers by Herrnstein and Murray -
"... smack (more like) a white Southerner's claims that the original
Ku Klux Klan consisted (merely) of pranksters whose high jinks sometimes got
out of hand - more like the DKEs (a college fraternity) of the Reconstruction
era - (than anything else)."40
Moreover, the references that both men cite in The Bell Curve do little
to alleviate the fear the book has engendered in the minority communities. For
example, they approvingly allude to the works of men and women like William
Shockley,41 Arthur Jensen,42 Linda Gottfredson,43
and J. Philippe Rushton44 - scholars whose research, they contend,
has been maligned by ideologically motivated "environmentalists,"
"egalitarians," and "politically correct" liberals. The
authors strenuously contend that Shockley, Jensen, Gottfredson, Rushton, etc.
are nothing more than tough-minded scientists who are courageously pursuing
the truth in the face of great personal danger and academic ostracism.
But a little investigation into the "research"
of these people might cause one to consider that minority communities have
something to fear after all - that more than just an irrational paranoia is
driving the minority communities' response to the publication of The Bell
BLACK AND LATINO PARANOIA?
Take Rushton, a developmental psychologist at the University of Western Ontario,
for example. Herrnstein and Murray claim that "Rushton's work is not that
of a crackpot or a bigot, as many of his critics are given to charging ... his
work is plainly science ... He is ... (merely) seeking an evolutionary explanation
of the observed differences between the races"45 - all this
about a man who presents racial rankings46 on a "Criteria for
Civilization" (only "Caucasoids," naturally, consistently meet
all twenty-one items on his checklist) and Personality and Temperament Traits,"
in addition to erect penis size (by length and circumference, no less), as well
as the rest of the stock-in-trade of Nazi era "scientific racism,"
and who computes an "Interbreeding Depression Score" to help clarify
his statistical findings?"47 And that's not all! There's more!
Rushton also claims that:
Africans are at a lower evolutionary scale.48
People of African origin have evolved "r-selected reproductive strategies"
like those of some of the lower primates.49
Blacks are more sexually active than are other races.50
Blacks are sexually active at a younger age.51
Blacks and their descendants have larger genitalia.52
Blacks have less stable family structures.53
Blacks have less emotional control and therefore greater criminality.54
Blacks and their descendants have children younger and their life spans
The greater sexuality of blacks makes them more vulnerable to AIDS.56
Blacks have better rhythm.57
And lest anyone does not fully "get"
what Rushton is talking about here, Stefan Kuhl, a German sociologist, explains:
"Due to their (the blacks) lack of intelligence and social skills, Rushton
... argues, blacks can only compete with whites ... in the evolutionary process
by maintaining a higher level of sexual activity. This could be proved, he
(Rushton) asserts, by the fact that the penises and vaginas of blacks are
larger on average, and that blacks have a higher premarital, marital, and
extramarital intercourse frequency. The higher percentage of AIDS infections
among blacks is therefore presented as the result of their genetically preeminent
When Herrnstein and Murray defend people like
Rushton, what are blacks to think? And one shouldn't make the mistake that
Herrnstein and Murray are not aware of what Rushton is all about. For example,
they write concerning the "reproductive strategies" of blacks -
as described by Rushton:
"To reach his conclusion (on black "reproductive strategies"),
Rushton starts with the well-established observation in biology that species
vary in their reproductive strategies. Some species produce many offspring
(per parent) of which only a small fraction survive; others produce small
numbers of offspring with relatively high survival rates. The involvement
of parents in their offsprings' health and development (which biologists call
'parental investment' - Herrnstein and Murray) tends to be high for species
having few offspring and high survival rates (i.e., whites) and low for those
employing the other strategy ("many offspring and low survival rates,"
i.e., blacks) ... Rushton's thesis is that this standard biological principle
may be applied within our own specie ... the average Negroid is ... (genetically
predisposed) towards (the principle of "many offspring, low survival")."59
In other words, because of their lower evolutionary
development, blacks are sexually permissive and not very responsible as parents.
Herrnstein and Murray do acknowledge the fact
that Rushton's theories on race are "... a long way from confirmation,"
but they add that -
"... Rushton has responded to his critics with increasingly detailed
and convincing empirical reports ... (and) he has strengthened the case for
consistently ordered race differences."60
And exactly what are the differences that Herrnstein
and Murray find so convincing?- that Africans (blacks) are at a lower evolutionary
scale? That people of African origin have evolved "r-selected reproductive
strategies" like those of some of the lower primates? That blacks and
their descendants have larger genitalia? that blacks have less emotional control
and therefore greater criminality? That blacks have better "rhythm?"
- all these differences among the descendants of Adam? - a man the Bible claims
lived a mere 6,000 years ago, a span of time hardly worth the blink of an
eye in the evolutionist's scheme of things. And be clear here, Rushton is
taking the stance that the differences between blacks and whites borders on
being a difference between "species" and not just a difference one
would find between different "gene pools." [After all, "gene
pool" differences which continue over extended lengths of time eventually
become differences in species - or so evolutionists posit.]
WHITE EVANGELICALS CAN'T HAVE IT BOTH WAYS
Evangelicals (Biblical literalists) can't have
it both ways. Either the Bible's account of Creation is true or it isn't!
- and if it's true, then the entire premise of The Bell Curve fails,
even if the statistics hold! After all, what's more important? Where should
we put our faith? - in Herrnstein and Murray's math and "rock solid"
statistical analysis or the Bible? in the mysteries of regression analysis
and "standard deviation" or Genesis? in the NLSY Study or the Bible's
account of Creation?
Either blacks and Latinos are our brothers and
sisters in Adam or they're not! And if they are, then a mere 6,000 years cannot
account for Rushton's racial differences (differences which he maintains are
based on heredity, not on environmental factors or the inadequacies of "I.Q.
testing") and which Herrnstein and Murray find so "strong"
and "convincing" and upon which so much of the underlying assumptions
of the book (it's evolutionary premise) rest.
A DILEMMA? IT'S NOT THE FIRST
TIME FOR EVANGELICALS
So here we are as Christians - caught in a dilemma.
Should we choose science (so-called) or should we choose the Bible? This isn't
the first time that Christians have been forced to choose between the two!
- between "rock solid science" and faith!
Whether we can show it or not, whether we can
prove it or not, THERE'S SOMETHING WRONG WITH A BODY OF LITERATURE WHICH
SUGGESTS - EVEN SUBTLY AND TANGENTIALLY - THAT BLACKS AND OTHER MINORITIES
ARE NOT THE EQUAL OF WHITES! - and deny as Herrnstein and Murray will,
this is the underlying direction the conclusions of The Bell Curve
are tending! They may claim otherwise, that The Bell Curve is not about
race, but about individuals and the development of a new "cognitive elite"
- and what all this might mean for American society; but long after all references
to a "cognitive elite" are forgotten, chapters 13 and 14 will be
remembered. The fact of the matter is, Herrnstein and Murray may claim that
the book has nothing to do with race (and Murray has often repeated this claim
in his soft-spoken, carefully measured tones on newschat shows); that "intelligence
is a noun, not an accolade;" that every person is an individual and should
be treated as one, not as a member of a group (racial or otherwise) - but
the entire tone of the book says otherwise, and readers have interpreted it
as saying so! - and who can blame them?
As sociologist Dr. Adolph Reed, Jr. points out,
"... in addition to the infamous Chapter Thirteen, 'Ethnic Differences
in Cognitive Ability', three others center on arguments about black (and,
to varying degrees, Latino - Reed) inferiority. The very next chapter, 'Ethnic
Inequalities in Relation to I.Q.' is a direct attempt to explain existing
racial stratification along socioeconomic lines as the reflection of differences
in group intelligence. The other two chapters in Part III seek to pull together
claims about racial differences in group intelligence and behavior. Those
four chapters set the stage for the book's only two explicitly policy- driven
chapters, 'Affirmative Action in Higher Education' and 'Affirmative Action
in the Workplace', both of which are about initiatives directed toward blacks,
and both slide into stoking white populist racism with 'thought experiments'
positing poor or working-class whites being shunted aside in favor of under
qualified, well-off blacks."61
THE PIONEER FUND
The fact is, as Reed suggests, The Bell Curve
is embedded in the intellectual apparatus of the crypto-fascist right. The
central authorities on whom Herrnstein and Murray rely for their claims about
I.Q., race, and heredity are nearly all associated with the Pioneer Fund,
an ultrarightist foundation that was formed in the 1930s - in coordination
with German eugenicists - to advance an eugenicist agenda in the United States.
The Fund boasts of having been almost entirely
responsible for funding I.Q. and race and heredity research in the United
States in the past twenty years, and much of it worldwide.
Rushton, along with nearly all those who are similarly engaged, is a major
recipient of Pioneer grants. This includes Arthur Jensen, William Schockley,
Linda Gottfredson, Thomas Bouchard (of the Minnesota twins study), as well as
Richard Lynn, on whom Herrnstein and Murray draw extensively, describing him
as "a leading scholar of racial and ethnic differences."62
Bouchard should be of particular interest to evangelicals - and Christians
in general. On the basis of his identical twin studies, he has concluded that
even man's tendency towards religion is an inherited trait; 63 that
is, one's relationship with Christ as savior is more a product of one's genes
than it is of "free will" - so much for the work of evangelists!
And one shouldn't think that such idiocy has compelled
Christians to back away from their connections to the Fund - and there are
many Christians so connected. Take, for example, Tom Ellis.
Ellis is an avowed conservative Christian who is intimately associated with
both Pat Robertson and Tim LaHaye, having succeeded LaHaye as president of the
Council on National Policy (CNP) in 1982 and who then held the office until
he was succeeded by Robertson in 1985 [the council is the leading evangelical
organization bringing conservative Christians together with conservative businessmen
and politicians to effect conservative and moral (Biblical) change in the country].
Ellis was a director of the Pioneer Fund.64 And it isn't that Ellis
hasn't been influenced by his connection to the Fund: for example, he once said,
"The eventual goal of ... (racial integration) is racial intermarriage,"
by which he meant the melding of the black and white races into one65
- clearly, Ellis is as concerned about "dysgenesis" as is Rushton
and all the rest.
As for Lynn, the works he has published read like
an index out of some Nazi eugenics handbook; for example: "The Intelligence
of the Mongoloids," and "Personality and Individual Differences"
(1987); "Further Evidence for the Existence of Race," "Sex
Differences in Cranial Capacity" and "Social Behavior and Personality"
(1993); and "Positive Correlations Between Head Size and I.Q.,"
British Journal of Educational Psychology (1989), etc. It all sounds
like reading material one would expect to find in the waiting room of Dr.
In addition, Lynn is editor of Mankind Quarterly,
the Pioneer Fund's flagship journal. (Readers interested in the history and
current projects of the Pioneer Fund should consult Dr. Reed's article in
the December 1994 issue of The Progressive; Ruth Conniff's article,
"The War on Aliens" in the October 1993 Progressive; Stefan
Kuhl's book, The Nazi Connection; and John Sedgwick's "The Mentality
Bunker" in the November 1994 issue of GQ.]
WHERE IT'S ALL TENDING
What's so dangerous about all this is that, "... it may presage,"
as Reed suggests, "the return of an updated version of the Lamarckian race
theory66 popular a century ago. As 'culture' (and ethnicity) has
increasingly become a euphemism for 'race' - an expression of inherent traits
- it is only a short step to characterizations of group differences more overtly
inflected toward biology, yet avoiding what remains, for the moment anyway,
the stigma of biological determinism."67
Susan Sperling, a biological anthropologist at
the University of California, San Francisco, goes further. She warns that
"A (new form) of biological determinism - a kind of genetic fundamentalism
related to nineteenth-century ... racism - is having a surprising ... (resurgence)
in both popular and academic settings ... Robert Wright, a science writer
and senior editor at The New Republic, has foraged through popular
sociobiology to fashion what he calls 'the new Darwinian paradigm', which
might be aptly subtitled: 'Men (i.e., blacks, Latinos, etc) who run with the
She continues that this kind of biological determinism
"... drags the whole dusty display of nineteenth-century race libels
[a time, incidentally, when Jews and Asians - as independent "racial
groups" scored well below whites on I.Q. tests (now they score the same
- so much for Herrnstein and Murray's hypothesis that group I.Q. scores don't
appreciably improve)] down from the colonial ethnographic museum shelf. If
they weren't so dangerous they would be quaint: the effects of stagnant air
in the tropics, erotic exotics with rhythm, etc. ... It is clear that these
ideas still compel many in our society ... (and their renewed popularity indicates)
how far right the country has gone in recent years."69[AND
IT SHOULD BE NOTED IN THIS CONNECTION THAT MANY OF THOSE IN THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT
WHO ARE NOW "TARGETING" THE BLACK COMMUNITY AS "FERTILE GROUND"
FOR "HOMEGROWN" TERRORISTS, ARE PRODUCTS OF WHAT SPERLING CALLS
THIS "NEW FORM OF "BIOLOGICAL DETERMINISM."]
Stefan Kuhl, a German sociologist and historian
at the University of Bielefeld (Germany), agrees. He writes,
"The late 1980s (has) witnessed a revival of public interest in scientific
racism on North American campuses. The media gave broad coverage to research
by scholars in the United States and Canada that attempted to establish a
scientific basis for classifying into 'superior' and 'inferior' genetic groups
... In 1991, anthropologist Roger Pearson 70 jumped into the fray
with what was probably the most comprehensive defense of scientific racism
in the United States since 1945. In Race, Intelligence and Bias in Academe,
Pearson denounced 'the strong opposition by Marxists and other Leftists' against
research with racial implications. He attacked both academia and the media
as bastions of politically motivated opposition to the pursuit of 'objective
Stefan Kuhl's identification of Roger Pearson
as a "key player" in the effort to re-legitimize eugenics (heredity)
as a useful sociological tool is particularly revealing; it goes a long way
in distinguishing the somewhat shadowy forces which are behind this movement
- especially those forces associated with the Pioneer Fund - the very fund
responsible for providing the financial "where-with-all" behind
the Minnesota twins studies, The Bell Curve, California's Proposition
187, etc. Kuhl - who's no friend of Pearson's - describes Pearson as essentially
an academician (an anthropologist) who has taught school (college) in North
Carolina, Mississippi and Montana. But there's much more to Pearson than just
Roger Pearson - who also has received extensive funding from the Pioneer Fund
and is known as being intimately involved in setting its goals and objectives72
- is widely known in Europe's racist networks where he was a writer and organizer
for the Northern League before coming to this country. The Northern League,
which is peppered with veterans of the Third Reich, is a bizarre Nazi group
active in many of the countries of northern Europe. In the early 1960s, a man
named Willis Carto73 invited Pearson to the United States. Carto
arranged for the visit through his journal, Right Magazine. The magazine
is an unabashed endorser of Nazi ideology. For example, Right comments,
"Their critics (i.e., the critics of the Nazis) should consider that
at this late date, only a hard-core group of fanatically-determined young
men can possibly save the White Race."74
Right calls Pearson "the world's foremost spokesman for the scientific
and forward looking view of nationalism. He is held in renown by white nationalists
the world over."75 And - for a man who once wrote, "IF
A NATION WITH A MORE ADVANCED, MORE SPECIALIZED, OR IN ANY WAY SUPERIOR SET
OF GENES MINGLES WITH, INSTEAD OF EXTERMINATING, AN INFERIOR TRIBE, THEN IT
COMMITS RACIAL SUICIDE "76 - it's not particularly difficult
to understand why.
Carto - Pearson's sponsor during his early years
in this country - is the founder of the Liberty Lobby. Carto was born on July
19, 1926 in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He served as a director of the far-right
"Congress of Freedom" for a time and was briefly connected to the
John Birch Society as an early organizer.
In 1961, Carto founded the Liberty Lobby as a
political lobby offering testimony before congressional committees. Carto
is a virulent hate-monger and conspiracist who also helped launch the Institute
for Historical Review (IHR). The IHR, which is located in Costa Mesa, California,
denies the Nazi Holocaust against the Jews and other targeted groups ever
took place; it is known to have sponsored conferences where notorious anti-Semites
and racists were the featured speakers. Carto's Liberty Lobby maintains offices
just a few blocks from the Capitol in Washington D.C. where it produces its
weekly magazine, the Spotlight, a newspaper which celebrates neo-Nazis,
skinheads, the Waffen SS, armed anti-Semites, and other anti-democratic forces.
Carto's links to Nazi sympathizers and collaborationists
is inextricably bound up with Francis Parker Yockey. Yockey was an unabashed
admirer of Adolf Hitler. In 1948, just three years after the end of the Second
World War, Yockey published a ponderous 600 page book, Imperium, which
was a re-phrasing of Nazi dogma and which warned of a dire threat to Western
Civilization by the Jews. In 1949, Yockey also wrote the "Proclamation
of London" which openly called for the re-establishment of Nazism and
the expulsion of the Jews from Europe.
In 1960 Yockey committed suicide in San Francisco.
Since then, Carto has sought to keep the Yockey flame alive. In 1963, Carto's
Noontide Press published Yockey's Imperium with a dedication to Adolf
Hitler. Carto also made the "Proclamation of London" available through
his distribution network which includes Noontide Press, American
Mercury, the Spotlight, and Washington Observer Newsletter.
Under oath during proceedings connected with a Liberty Lobby lawsuit in the
late 1970s, Carto stated that he was an unabashed follower of Yockey and ipso
facto a Nazi sympathizer.
In 1965 - at the invitation of Carto - Pearson relocated permanently to the
United States and merged his magazine, Northern World, with Carto's publication,
Western Destiny, which Pearson edited for a short time. The magazine
had over two dozen racists and anti-Semites on its masthead, including Austin
App. App, a pro-Nazi activist, is the author of the Six Million Swindle,
which asserts that the Nazi extermination of the Jews didn't happen. He has
been particularly active in the IHR and has worked with Roger Pearson as a co-laborer
on Western Destiny. The extent to which App is an apologist for the Nazis
is made abundantly clear in his writings; for example, as early as 1946 - only
one year after the end of World War II (hardly enough time for the graves of
American GIs killed in the fight against Nazism to settle properly) - App wrote
that "... the German armies (were) the most decent armies of the war."
Again, in his 1974 pamphlet, A Straight Look at the Third Reich and National
Socialism, How Right? How Wrong, App wrote, "The truth is that in World
War II the Third Reich fought for justice, and the Allies fought to prevent
justice."77 In 1977 the Washington Post ran an expose
of Pearson's Nazi connections; the expose coincided with a conference Pearson
was hosting in Washington for the World Anti-Communist League (WACL), a "Moonie
Front" which has been labeled an "... international network including
fascists and followers of the authoritarian Korean cult-leader Rev. Sun Myung
Moon, and neo-Nazis."78 It is out of this dark, sinister and
foreboding intellectual mélange that The Bell Curve has emerged.
EUGENICS: A USEFUL SOCIOLOGICAL TOOL?
What has surfaced so far indicates that the "new
science" appears to be a kinder, gentler version of the biological determinism
that the Nazis practiced. It is, nonetheless, one that is clearly related
to that kind of thinking.
Those who are promoting it - while admitting to its past perversions - believe
that the new biological determinism they are promulgating does not necessarily
have to presage a return to reactionary racial agendas, but can be used to support
enlightened social policy. This is evidently what Herrnstein and Murray also
believe. But history seems to indicate that the torrent of such thinking is
simply too swift and too powerful to be fought against; once one enters into
the current of such thinking, he is inevitably forced to embrace ever more radical
political agendas - the logic of it seems to demand it. After all, if one really
subscribes to this kind of thinking, one cannot sit idly by and watch the "American
gene pool" polluted by intellectually inferior groups - which, according
to the Pioneer Fund - is exactly what's happening as a result of illegal immigration,
higher birth rates for blacks and Latinos, etc. - and this is pretty much what
Herrnstein and Murray are warning about.79 IN THE LIGHT OF ALL
THIS, A "EUGENICS IMPERATIVE" MAY BECOME IRRESISTIBLE; THERE IS A
VERY REAL AND GRROWING ANXIETY BY WHITES THAT THEY (ALONG WITH THEIR EURO-CENTERED,
CHRISTIAN-BASED CULTURE) ARE BEING SWAMPED, AN APPREHENSION WHICH IS CLEARLY
DIRECTED AGAINST BLACKS AND LATINOS - which is clearly evident in the current
fight over immigration.
All this has produced an increasing number of
whites - including many evangelicals - who are now predisposed to see eugenics
as a viable and practical bulwark against being "over run" by "lesser
peoples" and "inferior cultures;" a defense against the "miscegenation"
and dysgenesis which, they claim, so clearly seems to be at work in the American
gene pool - a pathology from which, they suppose, many of the ills of the
country now flow.
As Ivan Hannaford suggests in the Wilson Quarterly80, to
those who buy into the arguments of dysgenesis, "race management"
may seem the only viable alternative to the problems afflicting the country
- and whites are more and more being reinforced in this thinking by a growing
number of reputable scientists (connected to schools like the University of
California, Stanford, Harvard, Yale, etc.) - scientists who are not without
some influence on public policy - THE KIND OF PUBLIC POLICY THAT MAY SEE
GROWING NUMBERS OF BLACKS AND HISPANICS LIVING IN GHETTOS ANALOGOUS TO INDIAN
RESERVATIONS, as suggested by Herrnstein and Murray.
DOGS ON A LEACH
What's been lacking up to this point for the Eugenics
Movement to really take off is a set of circumstances that would precipitate
a CIVILIZATION WAR that whites would perceive as a direct threat against
them. Such a CIVILIZATION WAR is now well under way. It revolves around
the so-called "War against Terrorism" which is now pitting the West
(and particularly the United States) against the Islamic World, and as it
proceeds, it is spawning all sorts of RACE WARS in its wake, like so
many tornadoes in the wake of a giant hurricane, tornadoes that are now sucking
into their vortexes such diverse groups as the Latinos (as evidenced by the
current battle over immigration) and the Black community (as evidenced by
the arrest of the so-called Miami-Seven in what can only be defined as a polity
Blacks had better wake up and "smell the
coffee" as it were. They are no longer safe in the United States; they
had better get out while they can, before they find themselves trapped like
"rats in a cage" - just as the Jews were similarly trapped seventy
years ago in Nazi Germany.
As for those blacks outside the United States,
they would do well to avoid connecting themselves IN ANY WAY to the
American church - no matter how much of an enticement is put out in front
of them. The American church is - and always has been - a racist church, and
if they link themselves up with it they may come eventually to rue the day.
WHAT THEY MAY WELL FIND OUT IS THAT THEY HAVE BEEN LINKED TO THE AMERICAN
CHURCH IN MUCH THE SAME FASHION AS A DOG IS LINKED TO HIS MASTER - ON A LEACH.
God bless all of you
Herrnstein , who died in the summer of 1994, received his Ph.D.
in psychology at Harvard where he had taught since 1958. Before he died,
he held the Edgar Pierce Chair in Psychology.
Charles Murray is a graduate of Harvard who received
his Ph.D. in Political Science from MIT. He is the author of Losing Ground:
American Social Policy 1950-1980. He is currently a Bradley Fellow at the
American Enterprise Institute (AEI).
Christopher Caldwell, "Charles Murray's Alarm
Bell," in American Spectator, January, 1995, pg. 62.
Ibid., pg. 62.
Ibid., pg. 63.
Ibid., pg. 63.
Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The
Bell Curve (New York: The Free Press, 1994), pg. 524.
One of the most startling discoveries of The
Bell Curve, however, is that the white underclass is now expanding at
a faster rate than either the black and Latino components.
Ibid., pg. 525-526.
Ibid., pg. 526.
Ibid., pg. 524.
It's interesting to note in this connection, that
even conservatives like Christopher Caldwell and magazines like American
Spectator agree with the proposition that the effort to dismantle many
of the "Great Society" programs amounts to nothing less than a form
of class warfare (please see "Alarm Bell" in the January, 1995 issue
of American Spectator, pg. 67.
The opposite of eugenics is dysgenics (or dysgenesis).
It is defined by Raymond Pearl as the study of social processes that lead
to a decline in the genetic quality of humankind [Raymond Pearl in "Breeding
Better Men," World's Work, 15 (1908): 9819].
Op. Cit., Caldwell, pg. 64.
Ibid., pg. 64.
Ibid., pg. 64.
Op. Cit., Herrnstein and Murray, pg. 548.
Ibid., pg. 533-534.
Ibid., pg. 548.
Sheila F. Weiss defines eugenics as "a political
strategy denoting some sort of social control over reproduction. In the interest
of 'improving' the hereditary substrata of a given population, eugenics seeks
to regulate human procreation by encouraging the fecundity of the genetically
superior groups ('positive eugenics') and prohibiting inferior types from
having children ('negative eugenics')." [Weiss, Race Hygiene,
Please see Raymond Pearl in "Breeding Better
Men," World's Work, 15 (1908): 9819.
Op. Cit., Herrnstein and Murray, pg. 548.
Ibid., pg. 548.
Ibid., pg. 548.
Ibid., pg. 548-549.
Op. Cit., Caldwell, pg. 67.
Mark and Lisa Graham McMinn, "For Whom the Bell
Curves," Christianity Today, December 12, 1994, pg. 19.
Please see Roger Pearson, Race, Intelligence and
Bias in Academe, intro. Hans J. Eysenick (Washington: Scott-Townsend,
1991): 13. Pearson denounces "the strong opposition by 'Marxists', and
'other Leftists' against research with racial implications. He attacks both
academia and the media as bastions of politically motivated opponents to the
pursuit of 'objective' science.
Op. Cit., Herrnstein and Murray, pg. 531.
Reasons beyond the authors' unstated support for
abortion as a means of stemming low-I.Q. births; and it should be noted that
the failure to mention the authors' attitude towards abortion is no accident
- the book was clearly aimed at a conservative audience, more than half of
which is made up of evangelicals and Catholics who oppose abortion.
There have, of course, been many learned articles
and papers published in rebuttal to The Bell Curve (please see the
November issues of The Nation and New Republic for an exhaustive
The measurement of I.Q.s
Op. Cit., Herrnstein and Murray, pg. 241.
Ibid., pg. 242.
Ibid., pg. 242.
The NLSY is a very large (originally 12,686 persons)
nationally representative sample of American youths who were aged 14 to 22
in 1979 (now 30 to 38), when the study began, and have been followed ever
Op. Cit., Herrnstein and Murray, pg. 242.
Ibid., pg. 244.
Op. Cit., Caldwell, pg. 64.
Adolph Reed, Jr., "Looking Backward," in
The Nation, November 28, 1994, pg. 654.
William Shockley is a Nobel Prize winner in physics
Arthur Jensen is an educational psychologist and
expert in I.Q. testing at the University of California at Berkeley.
Linda Gottfredson teaches educational psychology
at the University of Delaware.
J. Philippe Rushton, a Guggenheim recipient, teaches
developmental psychology at the University of Western Ontario in Canada.
Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The
Bell Curve (New York: The Free Press, 1994), pg. 643.
Jacques Barzun believes that all efforts to group
human beings into statistically viable groupings can only fail in the end.
Adolph Reed, Jr., "Looking Backward," in
The Nation, November 28, 1994, pg. 654.
Susan Sperling, "Beating a Dead Monkey,"
in The Nation, November 28, 1994, pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Ibid., pg. 664.
Please see J. Philippe Rushton and Anthony F. Bogaert,
"Population Differences in Susceptibility to AIDS: An Evolutionary Analysis,"
Social Science and Medicine, 28 (1989): 1211-20. See also: Rushton,
"Race Differences in Sexuality and Their Correlates: Another Look and
Physiological Models," Journal of Research in Personality, 23
(1989): 35-54. Taken from Stefan Kuhl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics,
American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 1994), pg. 7-8.
Op., Cit., Herrnstein and Murray, pg. 642.
Op. Cit., Reed, pg. 643.
Ibid., pg. 659.
Ibid., pg. 662.
Please see Stefan Kuhl, The Nazi Connection, Eugenics,
American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 1994), pg. 9.
CNP Quarterly Membership Meeting Program, Orlando,
Florida, Feb. 3-4, 1989; Thomas B. Edsall and David Vise, "CBS Fights
a Litmus Test for Conservatives," Washington Post, March 31, 1985,
pg. A-1; Thomas B. Edsall and David Vise, "Battle for CBS Takes On Air
of Mudslinging Contest," Washington Post, March 31, 1985, pg.
Ibid, pg. A-1, pg. A-16.
Proponents believe that those changes produced in
individuals as the result of responses to the environment are always transmitted
to his/her offspring and thus lead eventually to the appearance of a new species.
Adherents claimed that whites were - in reality - nothing less than a new
and higher species of man than blacks.
Op. Cit., Reed, pg. 662.
Op. Cit., Sperling, pg. 662.
Ibid., pg. 665.
Pearson has written several anthropological textbooks,
including An Introduction to Anthropology (New York: Holt, Rinehart
& Winston, 1974) An Anthropological Glossary (Malabar: Krieger
Publishing, 1985). In the 1960s, he taught at Queens College in Charlotte,
North Carolina, and at the University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg
before becoming dean of academic affairs at Montana College in Butte.
Stefan Kuhl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American
Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press,
1994), pg. 3.
Please see Russ Bellant, Old Nazis, the New Right,
and the Republican Party (Boston: South End Press, 1991); please also
see Roger Pearson, Eugenics and Race (London: Claire Press, 1966).
Please see C.H. Simonds, "The Strange Case of
Willis Carto," National Review, Sept. 10, 1971, pp. 978-989; Wall
Street Journal, Sept 28, 1984, p. 46; Searchlight (not the Spotlight),
June 1984, p. 9; Searchlight, Sept. 1984, p. 2.
Right, Sept. 1960, p. 5.
"Roger Pearson to Tour the United States,"
Right, June 1959, p. 1; please also see Russ Bellant, Old Nazis, the New
Right, and the Republican Party, p. 60, Endnote, p. 103.
Roger Pearson, Eugenics and Race (London:
Clair Press, 1966). p. 26; please also see Bellant, Old Nazis, the New
Right, and the Republican Party, p. 61.
Please see Foster and Epstein, p. 229, No Time
for Silence: Pleas for a Just Peace Over Four Decades (Costa Mesa, California:
Institute for Historical Review, 1987), p. 62; Austin J. App, Ravishing
the Conquered Women of Europe, as cited by John Roy Carlson in The
Plotters (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1946, pp. 160-61.
Please see Scott Anderson and Jon Lee Anderson, Inside
the League (New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1986), pp. 92-97; Russ Bellant,
Old Nazis, the New Right, and the Republican Party, pg. 61; Washington
Post, May 28, 1978, p. C1. From time to time retired Major General John
"Jack" Singlaub has figured prominently as a WACL speaker.
Op Cit., pg. 64.
Ivan Hannaford, "The Idiocy of Race" in
the Wilson Quarterly, Spring 1994, pg. 19.
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