Who was Behind the
Rwandan Genocide?

by Christopher Black


PREFACE

The eastern Congo is rich with vast amounts of gold, tantalum, tin, tungsten and - most importantly — coltan which ends up in virtually all the computers and cell phones on the planet. (It should be noted in this connection that the eastern Congo is just about the only place in the world that this vital mineral is found.) A 2002 UN panel named 85 major multi-national companies involved in the rape of the Congo. Naturally enough, most major US conglomerates deny that they are involved — either directly or indirectly — with what's happening there.  For example, Apple's Steve Jobs loudly complained recently to the New York Times that Apple is not involved in any fashion with the trade of what has become known as "conflict mineral wealth" coming from the Congo; but that's simply not true, according to Global Witness. The same is true of other high-tech US corporations such Hewlett Packard.

The ugly truth of the matter is, American high-tech corporations are involved up to their necks in what's happening in the eastern Congo — specifically, the de-population of that area of its Hutu population — and, indeed, all other populations in the region. The aim of this de-population program is to clear the eastern Congo of its inhabitants so that these corporations can have free reign there. The U.S. State Department and the CIA are the agents through which these giant high-tech corporations are working; the CIA is, in effect, running this operation, while the State Department "covers" for it. The "on-the-ground" forces the CIA is using come from the RPF [Rwandan Patriotic Front] and Uganda.

The HYPOCRISY of companies such as Apple, Hewlett Packard, Microsoft, Sun Micro-Systems, etc. is appalling: all of these companies present themselves to the world as responsible "world citizens" that are eco-friendly. But that is simply not the case, and their blatant HYPOCRISY confirms what Honoré de Balzac said of such "wrong-doers:"

"Behind every great fortune there is a great crime."

The criminals — and that's what they really are - who run these corporations are the kind of people about whom Jesus said,

"Woe unto you ... HYPOCRITES! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within you are FULL OF EXTORTION and EXCESS ...

"Woe unto you ... HYPOCRITES! for ye are like unto WHITED SEPULCHRES, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness.

"Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, BUT WITHIN YE ARE FULL OF HYPOCRISY AND INIQUITY. (Matthew 23:25, 27-28)

Is it really possible for sincere Christians to believe that they can involve themselves with these individuals (and the companies they represent) as well as the United States (and its instrumentalities such as the CIA) to "take the country back for Christ and the church?"

-- Antipas

_____________________________________

Chris Black

On August 26, 2010, the French newspaper Le Monde revealed the existence of a draft UN report on the most serious violations of human rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo over an eleven-year period (1993-2003). The massive draft report states that after the Rwandan Patriotic Front's takeover of Rwanda in 1994, it proceeded to carry out "systematic and widespread attacks" against Hutu refugees who had fled Rwanda to neighboring Zaire (now the DRC) as well as against the Hutu civilian population of the DRC in general.  Crucially, it concludes that the pattern of these attacks "reveal[s] a number of damning elements that, if they were proven before a competent court, could be classified as crimes of genocide." [For information on the background of the kind of carnage that manifested itself in Rwanda, please see our article, "The Hamitic Hypothesis: Racial Christianity in the Service of the Business and Political Elites."]

The draft report was leaked to Le Monde out of the plausible fear that its most damning facts and charges against the armed forces of the Rwandan Patriotic Front and President Paul Kagame would be expunged prior to its official release.  Sure enough, one week later, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navanethem Pillay announced that the official report's release would be delayed until October 1 "to give concerned states a further month to comment on the draft," and even "offered to publish any comments alongside the report itself."

NOTE FROM ANTIPAS: The Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives explain  U.S. machinations in the Congo:

U.S. Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

"Mobutu's [the former dictator of the Congo, then called Zaire] unlimited greed was his undoing. As long as he shared the looting with the U.S. [and its European lackeys], the Belgians, the French, the British, the Dutch and the various Western corporations which dominated the Congo economy, the U.S. supported him. But, as one observer put it, 'when he kept too much for himself and became an embarrassment the U.S. was ready to see him overthrown'. In October 1996, the Rwandan army along with Ugandan troops [all under the direction of the CIA] invaded Zaire [the Congo] and by May 1997 had taken over the country and forced Mobutu to flee. To give the invasion the cover of a local rebellion, the Tutsi Rwandan forces called themselves the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL) ... [But] as the Wall Street Journal admitted, 'Many Africans [correctly concluded that] the Congo rebellion was the brainchild of Washington from the very start'. Rwanda and Uganda are the US's 'staunchest allies in the region'. Paul Kagame, the Rwandan leader, was

Patrice Lumumba

trained at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
U.S. Special Forces had been training the Rwandan army since 1994 in counterinsurgency, combat and psychological operations. This included instructions about fighting in the Congo. Rwandan soldiers were also trained at Fort Bragg, North Carolina (U.S.), in July-August 1996 (just before the invasion), in land navigation, rifle marksmanship, patrolling and small-unit leadership."

It should be noted that the U.S. took over the Congo from Belgium in 1960-61 in a bloody coup after the CIA arranged the murder of Patrice Lumumba, the country's first elected leader ... The CIA sent Sidney Gottlieb, its top scientist (under the code name 'Joe from Paris'), to the Congo with deadly biological toxins to use on Lumumba ... [That plan failed, but Lumumba was later killed by CIA proxies with a bullet in the head.] In his place the Agency installed its paid agent Colonel Mobutu Sese Seko who continued the looting and killing started by Leopold, for another 37 years." [Please see our article, "The Congo and American Greed;" for information on Lumumba's assassination by the CIA, please see our article, "Assassination Nation."]

Paul Kagame -
"America's Man" in the Congo.

Such an unprecedented offer by the UNHCHR follows from a number of factors, including the role that Rwandan troops play in UN peacekeeping operations, and the fact that earlier this year, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Kagame to serve along with Spain's Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero as co-chairs of a new Millennium Development Goal Advisory Group.  According to the New Yorker's Philip Gourevitch -- who, after Alison Des Forges, did as much as anyone to sell the official version of the 1994 "Rwanda genocide" to the West, and clearly remains on very friendly terms with the Kagame dictatorship -- "top Rwandan officials [have been speaking] freely and on the record about their efforts to have the draft report quashed."  As Rwanda's Minister of Foreign Affairs Louise Mushikiwabo confided in Gourevitch, "If it is endorsed by the U.N. and it's ever published ... if the U.N. releases it as a U.N. report, the moment it's released, the next day all our troops are coming home.  Not just Darfur, all the five countries where we have police."

A THIRD, NO DOUBT MORE DECISIVE FACTOR IS THAT THE KAGAME DICTATORSHIP IS A CLIENT OF THE UNITED STATES AND "ACTS AS A MERCENARY FOR U.S. INTERESTS  IN AFRICA," as Glen Ford observes; the current conflict between this dictatorship and the UN "THREATENS TO REVEAL THE UNITED STATES' ROLE AS ENABLER IN THE DEATHS OF AS MANY AS SIX MILLION PEOPLE WHILE WASHINGTON'S ALLIES (principally, Belgium, France and Britain) OCCUPIED AND LOOTED THE EASTERN REGIONS OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO." It is Washington's ties to Kagame' RPF, ultimately, as well as London's and Brussels', that public discussions of the draft UN report should turn the spotlight on. [For more information on the participation by Rwandan military forces with those of the United States, please see our article, "AFRICOM Year Two: Seizing the Helm of Africa."]

Partners with the U.S. in the rape of the Congo: Belgium, France and Britain.

But this is not the first such report to have been drafted by the UN -- nor is it the first one to be covered up.  As early as October 11, 1994, Robert Gersony, an employee of the U.S. Agency for International Development then attached to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, made an oral presentation to the UN Commission of Experts on Rwanda.  Gersony had been dispatched to survey the situation inside Rwanda to determine if conditions were right for a return of the Hutu refugees who had fled the RPF.  Instead he found that the RPF had been committing systematic massacres of the Hutu population in Rwanda starting in April 1994 and continuing through the date of his presentation.

On page 4 of the UN record of Gersony's oral presentation, we read:

"Significant areas of Butare Prefecture, Kibungo Prefecture, and the southern and eastern areas of Kigali Prefecture have been -- and in some cases were reported to remain as early as September -- the scene of systematic and sustained killing and persecution of the civilian Hutu populations by the [Rwandan Patriotic Army].  These activities are reported to have begun, depending on location, between April and July 1994, immediately following the expulsion from each area of former Government military, militia and surrogate forces.  These [Rwandan Patriotic Army] actions were consistently reported to be conducted in areas where opposition forces of any kind -- armed or unarmed -- or resistance of any kind -- other than attempts by the victims of these actions to escape -- were absent.  Large scale indiscriminate killings of men, women and children, including the sick and elderly, were consistently reported."

President Joseph Kabila of the Congo; President Bush, former US president; and President Paul Kagama of Rwanda - all implicated in what's been occurring in the massacre of Hutu refugees.

In this genocide, the count of ethnic Hutu, both Rwandan and Congolese, violently eliminated by the RPF [Rwandan Patriotic Front] since 1990 should be estimated at close to one million. They died not only through violent force but primarily due to starvation and other reasons related to the aggressions inflicted by US trained militias to clear out the eastern Congo for exploitation by US and European business conglomerates.

And on page 6 we also learn that "an unmistakable pattern of systematic [Rwandan Patriotic Army] conduct of such actions is the unavoidable conclusion of the team's interviews."

The Gersony report is identified in a cover letter dated October 11, 1994, from one Francois Fouinat to Mrs. B. Molina-Abram, the Secretary to the Commission of Experts on Rwanda.  In this brief letter, Fouinat explains:

"We refer to the UNHCR's briefing to the Commission of Experts on Monday, 11 October 1994.

"As requested by the Commission, we are forwarding herewith a written summary of Mr. Gersony's oral presentation and copies of some field reports sent to UNHCR Headquarters by UNHCR Field Offices.

"We are confident that as agreed by the President of the Commission of Experts, these documents will be treated as confidential and only be made available to the members of the Commission."

I possess copies of these two UN documents from October 1994 because they are part of the evidence-base at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, where I serve as the lead defense counsel for Hutu former General Augustin Ndindiliyimana, once the Chief of Staff of the Rwanda Gendarmerie.  The documents were found by my legal assistant purely by chance while scanning the prosecution's Electronic Disclosure System, which contains hundreds of thousands of documents that are not indexed in any order.  My assistant came across them as part of a package of material organized by Robert Gersony himself while he was assigned to the UNHCR.  It must be assumed that Mr. Gersony thought the documents relevant, as they affected the fate of the Hutu refugees.

At the ICTR, the brief cover letter by Francois Fouinat bears the index number "R0002906."  The next 14 pages of R0002906 contain the Gersony report and are numbered sequentially with an 'R' -- prefix number used by the ICTR for documents contained in its Rwanda files.

Because I possess the series of ICTR documents beginning with R0002906, I also have in my possession an even more astonishing document the true historical significance of which has once again been underscored by the leaked UNHCHR report: Namely, the copy of a letter from Paul Kagame to his fellow Tutsi Jean-Baptiste Bagaza of Burundi, dated August 10, 1994.

Let me share with you an exchange that took place on November 18, 2008 in the Military II trial at the ICTR.6  What was said in court that particular day explains how these documents came to light.  I was one of the speakers.

Mr. Black

"Mr. President, before I do that -- that takes place, I have something which I would like to raise of great importance, I think.

"Yesterday my legal assistant found by accident, something, I think of grave importance for this Tribunal and for the world.  It's a letter from General Paul Kagame dated the 10th of August 1994 to Jean Baptiste Bagaza, ... in Burundi.  It's marked 'confidential'.

"I didn't have time to make copies, so I want to read it to you.  It has an 'R'-number.  R0002905.  It's in French, so please bear with me to make a loose translation.  It says -- it's only one page and it is short:

'Dear Brother Jean Baptiste Bagaza, we have the greatest honour to extend our sincere gratitude to you both for your financial and technical support in our struggle that has just ended with the taking of Kigali.

'Rest assured that our plan to continue shall be pursued as we agreed at our last meeting in Kampala.  Last week I communicated with our big brother Yoweri Museveni and decided to make some modifications to the plan.  Indeed, as you have noted, the taking of Kigali quickly provoked a panic among the Hutus who fled to Goma and Bukavu.  We have found that the presence of a large number of Rwandan refugees at Goma and the international community can cause our plan for Zaire to fail.  We cannot occupy ourselves with Zaire until after the return of these Hutus.  All means are being used for their return as rapidly as possible.  In any case, our external intelligence services continue to crisscross the east of Zaire and our Belgian, British and American collaborators, the rest of Zaire.  The action reports are expected in the next few days.

NOTE FROM ANTIPAS: The statement regarding "our plan for Zaire" references the agreement entered into by the RFP and the armed forces of Uganda with the government of Kagame to sweep out the population of the eastern Congo — which at that time consisted mostly of Hutu refugees fleeing the genocide in Rwanda — in the interest of giant American and European business interests who were planning to rape the area of its profound mineral wealth.

'Concerning the Burundi plan, we are very content with your work to ensure the failure of the policies of FRODEBU.  It is necessary to paralyze the power of FRODEBU until the total ruin of the situation in order to justify your action that must not miss its target.  Our soldiers will be deployed, this time, not only in Bujumbura, but in the places you judge strategic.  Our elements stationed at Bugesera are ready to intervene at any moment.  The plan for Burundi must be executed as soon as possible before the Hutus of Rwanda can organize themselves.

'In the hope of seeing you next time at Kigali, we ask you to accept, dear brother, our most respectful greetings'.

General Paul Kagame
Minister of Defence (signed by his assistant Mr. Rwego)

NOTE FROM ANTIPAS: FRODEBU is the acronym for the Front for Democracy in Burundi (French: Front pour la Démocratie au Burundi). FRODEBU is a socialist political party in Burundi that is fighting to protect the Hutu refugees in the eastern Congo from the machinations of the American, British, and Dutch mercenaries operating in that area — mainly troops from the RPF and Uganda.

Black continues:

"The importance of this letter if you have grasped it fully cannot be overstated. It means the attack on Rwanda from 1990 on was not the prime objective of Kagame and his collaborators. Zaire was always the prime objective; that their excuse for the attack on Rwanda about establishing democracy and return of refugees, was completely false; that the invasion from Uganda had only one purpose: to clear the path through Rwanda to Zaire; that the return of refugees, as many witnesses have stated, was not for humanitarian reasons. It means that the Americans, British, particularly with Kagame and Museveni, planned the invasion of Zaire [sic] in 1994, probably before that. It means that the excuse given for the invasions of Congo since this letter was written to clear the 'Interahamwe' or 'genocidaires' is completely false. No mention is made of 'Interahamwe'; no mention is made of 'genocide'. It appears that UN officials have been hiding information indicating a conspiracy to commit a war of aggression against Congo-Zaire, and all of the war crimes that have flowed from it since. Democracy was never [America's] concern.

"So, here you have the smoking gun, the letter, planning the invasion of Zaire with the Americans and British.  And it confirms our theory all the way through this trial that the Belgians were involved with those other countries.  And again, there must be -- and this, as a colleague pointed out, is page 8 of 12.   So where are the other eleven pages of -- what other letters do they have in their hands?  And again, it indicates that these men have been stitched up, falsely accused, in order to clear them out of the way so this plan can take place.  If this is published in the New York Times or Washington Post, the whole picture of the war in Rwanda and the wars n Congo would change.

NOTE FROM ANTIPAS: Once again, we remind our readers what the main reason for this genocide was — clearing the eastern Congo of its inhabitants so that American and European business conglomerates could exploit the riches of that region undisturbed.

"So I ask the Prosecutor, once again, where is that file?  And in fact I would like them to produce the indictment against Kagame because I want to see what he's been charged with, exactly what crimes and where.  So, again, I ask for this file to be produced and I ask why they have not acted.  Mr. Jallow and Louise Arbour and everybody else have been protecting the RPF which has now resulted in millions of deaths in the Congo and continues up till today and what is going on in Congo now.

"And I state openly that the Prosecution office is complicit with this invasion of Congo and is responsible themselves for all those murders in Congo because they've hidden this for a long time and they could have exposed it many years ago and stopped the invasions.

"If the international community, that is, other than the United States and the Britain, had been aware of what was going on, it would never have taken place.  But they sit there and they accuse us, my client, and the other officers here of committing crimes, they knew what they were doing in Zaire.  I don't think they can even shave and look in the mirror in the morning."

Mr. President

"Counsel, having said all of that, why don't you send this to the New York Times?"

Black

"It will be sent ... whether they publish it I do not know."

In the days after this letter was exposed the prosecution accused the defence of having fabricated the letter and raised questions about its authenticity ... The accidental discovery of this August 10, 1994 letter from Paul Kagame to his "Dear Brother Jean Baptiste Bagaza" was met with an immediate reaction by the prosecution, who accused the defence of fabricating it, pointing out a typo in the letterhead.  But this line of criticism failed, as it was shown that there are other letters in existence from the RPF on the same stationary, with the same typo in the letterhead, and these letters are regarded as authentic.

That someone regarded the letter as authentic and dangerous is highlighted the fact that I was followed by a Tanzanian police officer the night after I produced it in court and was forced to complain about this surveillance in court the next day.  Yet the prosecution continued its attacks on the letter's authenticity, even though the document came from the files of the prosecutor.  And this important revelation during the Military II trial was never reported in the mass media -- though I did send it to many journalists, including the New York Times.

Paul Kagame and his American, Belgian, and British collaborators must explain the meaning of the letter -- and in particular, the meaning of the phrase, "plan for Zaire."

__________________________________________

God bless you all!

S.R. Shearer
Antipas Ministries


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