PART 4: THE "ILLUMINATI CONSPIRACY:" THE
ORIGINAL, ANTI-SEMITIC VERSION
[What follows pertains largely to the forgery known to the world as The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion; but the same pattern
of fabrication found here is repeated in all the other so-called "documentation"
bearing on the Illuminati Myth. It also parallels the thesis behind
Pat Robertson's book, The New World Order. Indeed, the extent
to which the worldview behind Pat Robertson's book - The New World
Order - and the hypothesis which undergirds The Protocols of
the Learned Elders of Zion indicates the degree to which this kind
of thinking - i.e., the kind of thinking which undergirds the Protocols - has seeped into the evangelical Christian community in recent years.
(Many of these parallels are indicated in the text below.) Please note
that we could have taken the work of any other purveyors of this myth
and done the same thing. We chose to use Pat Robertson because he is
the most well-known of these NINCOMPOOPS.]
have said that ALL of the "conspiracy theories" which
swirl and surround the "extra-biblical material purveyed by such NAIFS and DIMWITS as Alex Jones, Pat Robertson, Tex
Marrs, Paul Joseph Watson, Jeff Rense, ad nauseum find their
origin in anti-Semitic literature; and that is so! - take the Illuminist
Conspiracy! Illuminati enthusiasts and devotees like to paint the myth
as extending back into the misty past, but that simply is not the case. The Illuminati Myth did not exist as literature prior to the French
Revolution - and even then only as disjointed pieces, not as
a consistent whole. Not until 1905 did the myth explode on the
world as a coherent body of literature. What anti-Semitic writings
that did exist prior to 1797 had nothing to do with the Jews as participants
in a revolutionary world-conspiracy aimed at the destruction of Christianity;
it was largely confined to religious themes with only the most indirect
political overtones. Clearly, the anti-Semitic literature which existed
prior to 1797 tied the Jews to the death of Christ, and on that basis
they were persecuted; it also pictured them as "moneylenders,"
and occasionally it linked them to the practice of witchcraft; but it
never portrayed them as revolutionaries bent on the conquest of the
world. On the contrary, Jews were painted as weaklings and cowards;
a people hardly worth even the most indirect kind of political attention
- and for that reason, most European armies excluded Jews from military
service well into the nineteenth century.
The first disjointed pieces of the Illuminati Myth can be traced back
to the French Revolution, specifically to the French cleric, the Abbe
Barruel's anti-Semitic rumblings. It should be noted here that most
of the tomes that today exist about the Illuminati - again, tomes such
as the ones promulgated by IDIOTS and NAIFS such as Alex
Jones, Pat Robertson, Tex Marrs, Paul Joseph Watson, Jeff Rense, ad
nauseum - stem directly from these crazed rumblings [Please see
Norman Cohn, Warrant for Genocide (New York: Harper and Row)]
THE ABBE BARRUEL
As early as 1797, nine years after the revolution, Barruel, in his
five-volume Memoire pour servir a l'histoire du Jacobinisme, argued that the French Revolution represented the culmination of an
age-old conspiracy of the most secret of secret societies. Down through
the centuries this secret society had purportedly poisoned a number
of monarchs; and in the eighteenth century it had captured the Order
of Freemasons. [Here, for example, Pat Robertson's so-called Juden-frei (supposedly non-anti-Semitic rendition of the Illuminati Myth) parallels
the original anti-Semitic rendition unswervingly as do any number of
other similar Juden-frei renditions (please see pgs. 67-68 of
Robertson's New World Order)]
In 1763, the conspiracy supposedly created a secret literary academy
consisting of Voltaire, Turgot, Condorcet, Diderot, d'Alembert and other
luminaries of the "French Enlightenment." This group of men
ostensibly met regularly in the house of Baron d'Holbach and through
its publications had undermined all morality and true religion in France
[parallels pg. 67, Robertson's New World Order]. From 1776 onward,
Barruel maintained, Condorcet and the Abbe Sieyes had built up a vast
revolutionary organization of half a million Frenchmen who were the
"Jacobins" of the French Revolution. But the heart of the
conspiracy - the real leadership of the revolution - was supposed to
rest in a Bavarian group known as the Illuminati under the headship
of a certain Adam Weishaupt [parallels pg. 67, Robertson's New World
Order]. To this handful of Germans, all the Freemasons and Jacobins
of France owed blind allegiance - or so Barruel thought.
THE STUPIDITY OF IT ALL
It is almost beyond belief, however, that thoughtful men could possible
accept such drivel! To those possessing even a modicum of knowledge
concerning the "Enlightenment" and the French Revolution,
such a tale represents absurdity and factual inaccuracy on such a vast
scale that it hardly merits attention, let alone serious refutation.
Diderot, Voltaire, Holbach and the other founders of the "Enlightenment"
- whose writings in large part produced not only the French Revolution,
but the American Revolution as well - were anything but "lovers
of the Jews." Voltaire, perhaps the leading figure of the French
Enlightenment, was often heard to say that all men were worthy of freedom
and the benefits of the Enlightenment except the Jews!! Why? - because
"... the Jews were not of the same species as the rest of mankind!" This is hardly a statement which could reasonably be attributed to the
supposed leader of the Jewish Conspiracy in France. Indeed, in it one
can hear the demonic footsteps of the coming Holocaust echoing up through
the corridors of history to lodge themselves finally in the hellish
darkness of Hitler's Germany. Similar statements are easily attributable
to many of the other leaders of the Enlightenment. But then such facts
have never dissuaded anti-Semites before, and they could hardly be thought
able to do so today.
To the men and women of the Enlightenment, Western Civilization had
taken a wrong turn when it had embraced Judeo-Christianity. To "Enlightenment
Man," history had begun with the flowering of Greek civilization
in the sunny hills and islands of the Aegian - not the "backwaters"
of Judea and Samaria - and had reached its zenith under Imperial Rome
and the Emperor Marcus Aurelius - not the "secondary and relatively
unimportant kingdom of David and Solomon."
The Ancient World of Greece and Rome had detested the Jews and their
concept of "One God." Cicero had maintained, "They
(i.e., the Jews) are - all of them - born with a raging fanaticism in
their hearts, just as the Bretons and the Germans are born with blond
hair. I would not be the least surprised if these people would not some
day become deadly to the human race."
Voltaire's charge against the Jews - his hatred of them - had nothing
to do with the Medieval and Catholic concept that they were the "killers
of Christ." Voltaire refused to have recourse to the anti-Jewish
position of the "Christian Civilization" that he himself had
abandoned. Indeed, Voltaire was as much anti-Christian as he was anti-Semitic;
to Voltaire, Christianity was merely an extension of Judaism, a view
of Christianity which he had adopted from the Graeco-Roman Civilization
he admired so much. Voltaire had instead recast his hatred of the Jews
in the anti-Semitism of the Ancient World; he had cloaked his anti-Semitism
in the ideas of Tacitus and Horace who had hated the Jews with a hatred
older and much more obscene than anything conjured up by the Medieval
Church - the pagan anti-Semitism of Greece and Rome.
The fact is, Voltaire's hatred of the Jews went far beyond the more
"mundane" anti-Semitism of the church of his day, and there
are scholars who argue with considerable persuasiveness that Voltaire's
anti-Semitism was of a far more murderous kind than that found in the
official church doctrine of his time. He had acquired his hatred of
the Jews from the very same people who had supposedly taught him the
value of freedom and the worth of man (i.e., the pagans of Greece and
Rome). Moreover, it is probably not too much to say that his hatred
went further even than the hatred of Cicero, Tacitus, and Horace in
as much as he viewed Judaism (and Judaism's daughter, Christianity)
of having poisoned the civilization he loved so well. This feeling of
contempt and disgust for Judaism and Christianity was the view of the
mainstream of the Enlightenment. Montesquieu, Locke, Gibbon, Hume, Rosseau,
Mirabaud, Holbach, Voltaire, etc., were all to one degree or another
anti-Semitic. The charge that these men were participants in some
great Jewish world-conspiracy is so fraudulent and absurd that it hardly
bears consideration, let alone rebuttal. It would be akin to seriously
arguing with someone who insisted that two plus two equaled three. About
all one could do is to shake his head and walk away.
THE FREEMASONS AND THE ILLUMINATI
As for the obscure German group known as the "Illuminati"
- it was anything but a sinister group of men bent on a world-conspiracy.
It was in fact nothing more than a cluster of "armchair intellectuals"
more at home in their comfortable gatherings than in the streets inciting
rebellion; they were more like an over-aged "athletic club"
whose members could talk a good game, but nothing else. Moreover, they
were anything but the leaders of the French Enlightenment, they were
rather its timid followers. Indeed, they derived their name - "the
Illuminati" (meaning the "enlightened ones") - from the
fact that they were followers of the French Enlightenment, not its leaders.
Finally, the Illuminati and the other followers of the Enlightenment
were not Freemasons at all, but rather their rivals.
The Freemasons were the sworn enemies of the French Enlightenment and
were (insofar as the French were concerned) originally Catholic and
Monarchists who fought against the Revolution. Indeed, King Louis XVI
and his brothers were all Freemasons. Rather than profiting from the
Revolution, the Freemasons suffered greatly from its excesses under
the Terror which the Revolution unleashed. The Freemasons were hunted
down mercilessly and guillotined by the hundreds by the Jacobins. Furthermore,
the charge that the Illuminati involved itself in witchcraft is so absurd
that it fairly boggles the mind; these men were men who prided themselves
on being men of science and rationalism; they everywhere denounced the
"medieval" concept of witchcraft as being superstitious. Finally,
the thought that half a million Frenchmen would ever under any circumstances
"blindly" follow a small group of Germans (Bavarians) is so
ridiculous that it is dizzying in its stupidity.
THE SIMONINI LETTER
In 1806, Barruel produced a document in support of his slanderous charges
against the Jews - the Simonini Letter. Like almost everything
else connected with the myth of the Jewish world-conspiracy, the letter
was a forgery - a fabrication produced by the French Political Police
under Fouche. Its objective was to influence Napoleon against the Jews.
The letter was ostensibly written by an army officer, J.B. Simonini.
After having congratulated Barruel on "unmasking" the Jacobins,
which Simonini claimed were preparing the way for Antichrist, the letter
went on to describe the so-called Jewish role in the entire "Jacobin
At the time of his death in 1820, Barruel had elaborated the beginnings
of the modern myth of the Judeo / Masonic Conspiracy. He had written
a vast manuscript to show how a revolutionary conspiracy had existed
down through the ages, from Mani to the medieval Knights Templar, and
thence to the Freemasons. The whole organization was supposedly controlled
by a Supreme Council. The Council was veiled in impenetrable secrecy
and had no fixed residence, but wherever the statesmen of the Great
Powers gathered, there they could be found as an "unseen and controlling
presence" lurking in the background [parallels pg. 71, Robertson's New World Order]. The Council, which - according to Barruel -
was made up entirely of Jews, elected a Grand Master and around the
figure of the Grand Master, Barruel wove a truly lurid tale of intrigue,
terror, despotism, sorcery and witchcraft. The tale was so fanciful,
and so much the product of his own fevered imagination, that a few weeks
before his death, Barruel - in a fit of conscience - sought to destroy
all his existing manuscripts. He failed.
IN THE JEWISH CEMETERY IN PRAGUE
fantasies and the Simonini fabrication by Fouche found little acceptance
in the first half of the nineteenth century. But around 1850, the myth
reappeared - this time in Germany as a weapon of the extreme right in
its struggle against the growing forces of liberty and democracy.
Writing after the great democratic uprisings of 1848 had swept through
Europe, rocking the monarchies of the "Old World" to their
very foundations, E.E. Eckert began to expand on Barruel's themes of
half a century earlier. The Catholic magazine, Historische-Politische
Blatter picked up Eckert's writings and helped spread them throughout
southern Germany. [And these are precisely the writings that Hitler
"ran into" in Vienna and Munich in his youth.]
A few years later, Herman Goedsche, writing for Neue Pruessiche
Zeitung, authored a book which was to become the basis of one of
the most famous anti-Semitic fabrications of all times - "The Rabbi's
Speech." How a relatively obscure and openly fictitious novel by
Goedsche was transformed into the twisted and demonic "Rabbi's
Speech" is itself a case study in the pathological mental processes
at work in those who give credence to the Illuminati Myth. Herman Goedsche
had at one time been a minor official in the Prussian postal service.
He had been dismissed, however, after having participated in a plot
designed to incriminate the famous democratic leader, Benedec Waldeck.
The plot had involved the use of forged letters.
In 1868, Goedsche produced a sensational novel under the pseudonym
of "Sir John Retcliffe." The novel was entitled Biarritz.
It contained a chapter called, "In the Jewish Cemetery in Prague."
The novel itself was straight fiction and Goedsche never claimed that
it was anything else but that. The chapter in question described a secret,
nocturnal meeting which was supposed to have taken place in the Jewish
Cemetery in the city of Prague during the Feast of Tabernacles. [It's
interesting to note in this connection that there are some in "Latter
Rain" movement (people like William Branham, etc.) who have taken
note of the "Rabbi's Speech" and who have described these
"goings-on" as a kind of "Black Mass" - a satanic
precusor or spiritual counterfeit to the "real thing" (speaking
here of the so-called "Black Mass.") which some "Latter
Rain" devotees expect to occur in the "Latter Days" just
prior to the Return of Christ.]
At eleven o'clock, the gates of the cemetery creak softly and the rustling
of velvet coats is heard. A vague, white figure passes like a shadow
through the cemetery until it reaches a certain tombstone; here it kneels
down, touches the tombstone three times with its forehead and whispers
a prayer. Another figure approaches; it is that of an old man, bent
and limping. It coughs and sighs as it moves. The figure takes its place
next to its predecessor and it too kneels down and whispers a prayer.
A third figure appears, and then a fourth and so on until thirteen figures
have finally appeared, each one having repeated the aforementioned procedure.
When the thirteenth and final figure has at last taken its place, a
clock strikes midnight. From out of the grave there comes a sharp, metallic
sound. Suddenly, a blue flame appears and lights up the thirteen figures.
A hollow voice says, "I greet you heads of the Twelve Tribes of
Israel." And the figures dutifully reply, "We greet you, Son
of the Accursed" - which is to say, "Antichrist." The
assembled figures are meant to represent the twelve tribes of Israel.
The additional figure represents the "unfortunates of the exile"
- the Diaspore
The relevant volume of Biarritz was published in 1868. But this
was only the beginning of the story - for soon this frankly fictional
episode began its demented transformation. It was the Russian anti-Semites
who first thought of treating the story as an authentic record. In 1872,
the chapter, "In the Jewish Cemetery of Prague," appeared
by itself in St. Petersburg, then the capital of Czarist Russia, as
a pamphlet. In 1876, a similar pamphlet appeared in Moscow with the
title, "In the Jewish Cemetery in Czech Prague - the Jews, Sovereigns
of the World." In 1880, a second edition of the Moscow pamphlet
appeared in both Odessa and Prague. In 1886, it appeared in the Paris
publication La Contemporain for July of that year. In all these
versions, the chapter from Biarritz was presented no longer as
fiction, but as fact - "The Rabbi's Speech."
The authenticity of the speech was vouched for by an English diplomat
- one "Sir John Readclif." To complete the irony and twisted
turns of this story, when Francois Bournand printed the "Rabbi's
Speech" in La Contemporain, he prefaced it with a startling
revelation: "We find the program of Jewry, the real program of
the Jews, expressed by ... the Chief Rabbi, John Readclif ... It is
a speech made in the 1880s."
Like a boomerang, the whole thing had come back on the unsuspecting
Later editions of the "Speech" pictured Goedsche (AKA, Retcliffe,
Retclif, Readclif, etc.) not as the Chief Rabbi, but as a hero. For
instance, in 1933, the "Speech" surfaced in Sweden and was
prefaced by a melancholy statement: "Sir John Readclif paid with
his life for exposing the great Jewish conspiracy. It was a sad ending
for a man ... who had been an English diplomat and historian."
Unbelievable? It would seem so! - but such are the so-called "facts"
that Illuminati enthusiasts marshal in defense of their system of conspiracy
theories. And make no mistake about it, this is the stuff from which
the entire myth of the Illuminati Conspiracy has been built.
DISJOINTED PIECES COME TOGETHER
Within a year of the publication of Goedsche's fantasy, there appeared
in France a book which was to become the "Bible" of the modern
Illuminati Myth: La Juif, le judaisme et la judaisation des peuples
chretiens by Gougenot des Mousseaux.
Mousseaux had become convinced that the world was falling into the
grip of a mysterious body of Satan worshippers whom he called "Kabbalistic
In reality, the Kabbalah is nothing more than a body of Jewish
mystical and theosophical doctrine dating in the main from the late
medieval ages. It has been fully expounded in such works as the Zohar.
While there can be no doubt that the Kabbalah falls outside the
mainstream of Western (and Jewish) religious thinking, there is nothing
secret about it.
Des Mousseaux, however, imagined the Kabbalah as something quite
different: a secret demonic religion, a systematic cult of evil, established
by the devil at the beginning of the world. According to des Mousseaux,
the first practitioners of this cult were the sons of Cain, who after
the flood were succeeded by the sons of Ham - these were the Chaldeans.
In due time, they passed their secret on to the Jews who in turn controlled
the Gnostics, the Manichees, and the Moslem sect of the Assassins. They
at last transmitted their diabolical lore to the Templars who handed
it to the Freemasons. But at all times the Jews, as the "representatives
on earth of the spirit of darkness," had supplied the Grand Masters.
[None of this, of course, is in the Bible - none of it; and for Christians
- especially evangelicals - to accept such drivel and to pattern their
"mindset" around it is tantamount to calling upon themselves
the curse of Revelation 22:18 ("For I testify unto every man that
heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add
unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written
in this book"). Why? - because isn't that what one is doing by
embracing such extra-Biblical material? (i.e., religious material which
is so fundamental that it helps to shape one's world-view, but material
which - nonetheless - cannot be found in the Bible).]
According to des Mousseaux, the cult centered on the worship of Satan
or Lucifer; the chief symbols of the cult were the serpent and the phallus.
The rituals included exotic orgies of the wildest kind. But this was
not all: by murdering Christian children, the Jews - who in reality
were supposed to be witches - acquired demonic power. All this was supposed
to be a part of the Kabbalah. Of course, it never was! Never!
- except in the imaginations and innumerable forgeries produced by devotees
of the Illuminati Myth.
Finally, in the last chapter of his book, des Mousseaux pictured Antichrist
as a Jewish king whom all nations would accept as their savior. As he
neared the 500th page of his manuscript, the author began to ratchet
his frenzy up into monumental heights:
"... the Jews will raise up a man with a genius for political
imposture, a sinister bewitcher around whom fanatical multitudes will
cluster. The Jews will hail this man as the Messiah, but he will be
more than that. After destroying the authority of Christianity, he
will unite mankind in one great universal brotherhood and bestow on
it a superabundance of material goods. For these great services, the
Gentile nations will accept him, exalt him, and worship him as a god
- but in reality, for all his apparent benevolence, he will be Satan's
instrument for the perdition of mankind." [Gougenot des Mousseaux, Le Juif, le judaisme it la judaisation des peuples chretiens, Paris, 1869, pgs. 485-498.]
What des Mousseaux had done was to bring together all the heretofore
disjointed pieces of the Illuminist Myth and weave them together as
a coherent whole. All that was needed now was for someone to tie it
all to a specific and contemporary event. The man that did this was
Pyotr Ivanovich Rachkovsky.
PYOTR IVANOVICH RACHKOVSKY
In the late nineteenth century, Russia was a hotbed of religious (as
opposed to political) anti-Semitism. Russia was the last true autocracy
or absolute monarchy in Europe. It was also the country with the largest
Jewish population in the world - some five million, or about a third
of all Jews everywhere. They were confined by decree to the "Pale
of Settlement" - a group of provinces extending from the Baltic
Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south - an area which embraces
much of what is today modern Poland and the Ukraine - all of which was
then part of the Russian Empire. They were subjected to severe economic,
residential, and educational restrictions. Throughout the nineteenth
century, they were persecuted by the peasantry and were on the whole
The nineteenth century was also a time when the Russian Autocracy was
beginning to encounter active political opposition, notably from clandestine
terrorist groups which were then operating throughout Europe much in
the same fashion that Middle East terrorist groups are doing today.
The authorities were determined at all costs to mask the fact that the
main opposition to the regime was Russian in origin and that there were
actually real Russians - and educated ones at that - who so hated the
Autocracy that they were prepared to assassinate its representatives.
Slowly at first - and quite haphazardly - they accordingly began to
pretend that all opposition to the regime, and particularly all terrorism,
was the work of a "Jewish conspiracy." The appearance of Biarritz in St. Petersburg in 1872, in Moscow in 1876, and in Odessa in 1880
was connected to this pretense. Still, there existed as yet no overall
theme to the tales which surfaced, and there appeared to be no coordinated
effort behind it all.
After the shocking assassination of Czar Alexander II in 1881, the Okhrana (i.e., the secret police) was founded by imperial decree
for the "protection of public security and order." Previously,
the chief organ of the Secret Police had been the "Third Section"
of the Imperial Chancellery, which was founded after the Decembrist
Revolt of 1825. The Okhrana had branches in all the principal
towns in Russia, as well as a foreign service centered in Paris.
The foreign service of the Okhrana was headed up by Pyotr Ivanovich
Rachkovsky. A Russian compatriot described him as "... slightly
too ingratiating in his manners and his suave way of speaking ... which
made one think of a great cat carefully concealing his claws."
As chief of the foreign branch of the Okhrana, Rachkovsky organized
over a period of some nineteen years (1884-1903) a network of agencies
in France, Switzerland, London, and Berlin. As a result, he was easily
able to keep a close check on the activities of the various exiled Russian
revolutionary and terrorist groups. During this entire period, Rachkovsky
resided in Paris and made it his headquarters.
Rachkovsky was a born intriguer who delighted in forging documents.
One of his favorite methods of sewing discord in the ranks of the opposition
was to forge a letter or pamphlet in which a supposed revolutionary
attacked the revolution. For example, in 1887 there appeared in the
French press a letter by a certain "P. Ivanov" who claimed
- quite falsely - that the majority of the terrorists were Jews. In
1890 there appeared another pamphlet accusing the revolutionaries who
had taken refuge in London of being British spies. In 1892 a letter
appeared over the famous name of Plekhanov, accusing the leadership
of Narodnaya Volya of having published the "confessions"
of Plekhanov. A few weeks later came another letter in which Plekhanov
in turn was attacked by other supposed revolutionaries. In reality,
all these documents were forged by one man - Rachkovsky! Rachkovsky's
life was filled with such intrigues.
SERGEY ALEXANDROVICH NILUS
In 1902, Rachkovsky became involved in a court intrigue in St. Petersburg
which also involved the future editor of the infamous Protocols of
the Learned Elders of Zion - Sergey Alexandrovich Nilus. Nilus,
a man wholly dedicated to Orthodoxy and the concept of a "Holy
Russia," was the perfect picture of the classic Russian - a huge
man with a long, flowing gray beard and deep blue eyes. He had a veiled
and somewhat troubled look. He wore boots and a simple peasant's shirt
with a belt which had a prayer embroidered on it. In character he was
capricious, unruly, and despotic. He fancied himself a mystic and a
heaven sent defender of "Holy Russia." He repudiated modern
civilization and saw it as a conspiracy of the powers of darkness. He
had become a systematic "anti-rationalist."
The intrigue was directed against a Frenchman named Phillippi who,
like Rasputin after him, had established himself at the Russian Imperial
Court as a "faith-healer;" he had become the idol and spiritual
guide for the Czar and Czarina. Rachkovsky and Nilus both took part
in the intrigue against Phillippi, and on the same side. Phillippi was
cherished, flattered, and almost worshipped by the Imperial family,
but he also had powerful enemies - the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna
and the Grand Duchess Elizaveta Feodorovna. To break Phillippi, they
had turned to Rachkovsky. Thanks to the relations which he had so carefully
cultivated with the French police, Rachkovsky was able to develop an
incriminating file on Phillippi.
The intrigue against Phillippi involved Nilus as the central player.
Nilus, who had lost his entire fortune in riotous living while living
in France as a young man, had returned to Russia and had adopted the
life of a perpetual pilgrim, wandering from monastery to monastery.
Around 1900 he wrote a book which described how he had been converted
from atheistic intellectualism to a fervent believer in Orthodoxy. The
book came to the attention of the Grand Duchess Elizaveta Feodorovna.
Nilus was accordingly summoned to St. Petersburg at the end of 1901
and the court clique surrounding Rachkovsky and Feodorovna hit upon
the following plan: Nilus was to be formally ordained as an Orthodox
priest and then married to one of the Czarina's ladies-in-waiting, Yelena
Alexandrovna Ozerova. A concerted effort was then to be made to impose
Nilus on the Czar and Czarina as their confessor; if it had succeeded,
Phillippi would have been removed.
was an ingenious plan, but Phillippi's supporters were able to counter
it. They drew attention to Nilus's immoral past - Nilus had been (and
still was) a notorious womanizer; as a result, Nilus fell into disgrace
and was forced to leave the court. Nilus, who was then aged forty-seven,
made his way to the great monastery of Optina Pustyn. There he
and his dependents - which included his usual retinue of women (of which
his new bride was now a part) - found permanent lodging in four rooms
of a large villa located on the grounds of the famous monastery. The
rest of the villa was employed as a home for cripples, idiots, and the
mentally ill who lived there in the hope of a miraculous cure.
If the intrigue had failed in its original intent, it did accomplish
one thing: it had brought together Rachkovsky and Nilus and established
a relationship between the two which was to have a profound effect on
the future course of the world.
THE GENESIS OF THE PROTOCOLS
Between 1894 and 1899, France was rocked by the arrest and imprisonment
of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jew who had been falsely accused of selling
French military secrets to the Germans. During this same period, Russia
was moving inexorably in the direction of revolution. It was during
this period that Rachkovsky hit upon a plan to take des Mousseaux's
anti-Semitic material, weave it into an obscure play entitled Dialogue by Maurice Joly, and create thereby the Protocols of the Learned
Elders of Zion - and by doing so to lay the blame for all the unrest
in Russia on the Jews. The French military authorities had been doing
just that insofar as the Dreyfus affair was concerned, and by 1895 it
looked as if they had been successful in transferring the blame for
France's sorrowful military condition from themselves to Dreyfus and
the Jews. Rachkovsky reasoned that if it had worked so well for the
French, why then not for the Russians? And this is precisely what Rachkovsky
was attempting to do in forging the Protocols of the Learned Elders
THE DIALOGUE AND THE PROTOCOLS
Maurice Joly, the author of Dialogue, had conceived the idea
of the play during a time when it was forbidden to criticize the despotic
regime of Napoleon III. In order to avoid press censorship, Joly had
developed the idea of writing an imagined dialogue between the great
champion of the French Enlightenment, Montesquieu, and the infamous
Italian cynic, Machivelli. Montesquieu was to present the case for democracy,
liberalism, and reform. Machivelli would defend the position of cynical
despotism and Napoleon III. In this way he thought that he could criticize
the Emperor. But the play, which was published in Brussels, was confiscated
in Paris. Joly was arrested by the agents of Napoleon III and his writings
were suppressed. In despair, Joly committed suicide in 1879.
But Joly's play was indeed an admirable work - incisive, ruthless,
and logically and beautifully constructed. The debate is opened by Montesquieu
who argues that in the present age, the enlightenment ideas of liberalism
had made despotism, which Montesquieu argued had always been immoral,
impractical as well. But Machivelli replies with such eloquence and
at such length that he dominates the rest of the play. Machivelli argues
that the great mass of people are simply incapable of governing themselves;
normally, they are inert and only too happy to be ruled by a strong
man. Machivelli maintains that the concepts of politics have never had
anything to do with morality and insofar as practicality is concerned,
the inventions of the modern world were better suited to the imposition
of despotism than democracy. Moreover, the people in actuality desired
despotism. The forces that might oppose the despot's rule could be dealt
with easily enough: the press could be censored and political opponents
could be watched by the police.
So long as the despot dazzled the people with his prestige, he could
be sure of their support. Such is the book that inspired the forger
of the Protocols. He plagiarized it shamelessly. In all, about
one-half of the entire text of the Protocols is clearly based
on passages from Joly. In nine of the chapters, the borrowings amount
to more than half of the text; in some they amount to three-quarters;
in one (Protocol VII) they amount to the entire text. Moreover, with
less than a dozen exceptions, the order of the borrowed passages remains
the same as it was in Joly's play, as though the forger had worked through
the Dialogue mechanically, page by page, copying straight into
the Protocols as he proceeded. Even the arrangement in the chapters
is much the same - the twenty-four chapters of the Protocols corresponding roughly to the twenty-five chapters of the Dialogue. Only towards the end, where the prophecy of the anti-Christian "Messianic
Age" of Antichrist appears, does the forger allow himself any real
independence of thought. [Please see Norman Cohn, Warrant for Genocide (New York: Harper and Row) for a lengthy comparison between the Protocols and the Dialogue.]
NILUS AND THE PROTOCOLS
Rachkovsky entrusted the finished forgery to Yulina Glinka, his agent
in Switzerland. She then transferred it to Rachkovsky's old friend,
Sergey Nilus at Optina Pustyn. Nilus was enthralled and totally
taken in by the ruse. Rachkovsky had reasoned that if anyone could be
duped by the intrigue and find a way of publishing the Protocols, Nilus would be the man. Rachkovsky had not reasoned in vain.
Alexander du Chayla, a Frenchman who visited Nilus at Optina Pustyn during this time, has left an account of how truly fooled Nilus was
by Rachkovsky's forgery. Du Chayla writes:
"Nilus took (the Protocols) from the shelf and began
to (read to me) ... the most remarkable passages of the text and of
his own commentaries. At the same time he watched the expression on
my face, for he assumed that I would be dumbfounded by the revelation.
He was rather upset when I told him that this was nothing new to me
"Nilus was shaken and disappointed by this. He retorted that
I took this view because my knowledge ... (of these things) was superficial
and fragmentary. It was absolutely necessary that I should feel the
full impact. And it would be easy for me to get to know the Protocols because the original was in French.
"Nilus did not keep the (actual) manuscript of the Protocols in his house for fear lest it be stolen by the Jews. I recall how
amused I was by his perturbation when a Jewish chemist of Kozelsk,
taking a walk with a friend in the monastery forest and trying to
find the quickest route to the ferry, happened to stray into Nilus's
garden. Poor Nilus! He was convinced for a long time afterwards that
the chemist had come to carry out a reconnaissance.
"Some time after our first conversation about the Protocols,
one afternoon about four o'clock, one of the patients from Nilus's
home ... brought me a letter: Nilus was asking me to come and see
him on an urgent matter. (He was at last prepared to show me the actual
manuscript - the original - of the Protocols).
"I found Sergey in his study. He was alone ... Dusk was falling,
but it was still light for the earth was covered with snow. I noticed
on his writing-table something like a rather large envelope, made
of black material and decorated with a big triple cross with the inscription:
'In this sign you shall conquer'. A little picture of St. Michael,
in paper, was also stuck in the envelope. Quite clearly all this was
intended as an exorcism.
"Sergey crossed himself three times before the great icon of
the Mother of God ... and opened the envelope, from which he took
a leather-bound notebook ...
"'Here it is', said Nilus, 'the charter of the Kingdom of Antichrist'.
"He opened the notebook ... The text was written in French
by various hands and, it seemed to me, with different inks.
"'You see', said Nilus, 'during the sessions of the secret
Jewish government, at different times, various people filled the office
of secretary, hence the different handwritings'.
"After showing me the manuscript, Sergey placed it on the table
... and said: 'Well, now read!'... While reading the manuscript, I
was struck by certain peculiarities in the text. There were some spelling
mistakes and above all, some expressions which were not French [Du
Chayla was a native Frenchman, while the forger, Rachkovsky, was Russian
and spoke French only as a second language - editor.] Clearly the
manuscript was written by a foreigner ... It took me two and a half
hours to read the document ... (Finally) Sergey wanted to know what
impression my reading had produced on me. I told him straight out
that I (still) stood by my previous judgment. I didn't really believe
in the 'Elders of Zion'.
"Nilus's face clouded. 'You really are under the influence
of the Devil', he said. 'Satan's greatest ruse is to make people deny
(these things) ... What will you say now if I show you how what is
said in the Protocols is being fulfilled, how the mysterious
sign of the coming of Antichrist appears on all sides, how the imminent
advent of his kingdom can be felt everywhere'?" Then he proceeded
to the 'exhibits in the case'. He opened the chest. Inside there were,
in an indescribable state of disorder, detachable collars, India rubbers,
household utensils, insignia of various technical colleges, even the
cipher of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and the Cross of the Legions
d'honheur. On all these objects Nilus detected, in his hallucination,
the seal of Antichrist, in the form of a triangle or of two superimposed
triangles ... If an object bore a trademark even vaguely suggesting
a triangle, that was enough to secure it entry to his museum ...
"With increasing excitement and anxiety, in the grip of a sort
of mysterious terror, Nilus explained to me that the sign of 'the
Son of Perdition' is now contaminating all things, that it shines
even from the scrolls of the great icon behind the altar in the Church
of the Hermitage ... I felt a sort of fear. It was now past midnight.
The gaze, the voice, the reflex-like gestures - everything about Nilus
- gave me the feeling that he was walking on the edge of a (mental)
abyss and that at any moment his reason might disintegrate into madness."
[A. du Chayla in La Tribune Juive, pgs 3-4.]
then, Nilus really believed in the Protocols and in the myth
of the "Jewish-World Conspiracy." Rachkovsky had done his
work well in choosing as his agent the mentally deranged Sergey Nilus.
Nilus soon arranged to have the book passed by the Moscow Censorship
Committee on September 28, 1905 and it appeared in print a short time
later attached to a commentary by Nilus called The Root of Our Troubles - meaning, of course, the Illuminati, i.e., the Jews. Nilus's star
quickly rose at the Imperial Court as a result, and the Metropolitan
(Archbishop) of Moscow ordered a sermon quoting Nilus's version of the Protocols to be read in all 368 churches of Moscow. This was
duly done on October 16, 1905 and the sermon was promptly reprinted
throughout all of Russia.
PART 5: PLAYING WITH FIRE
As we have indicated previously, it is absolutely imperative that you
"disabuse" yourselves of the many "conspiracy theories"
that relate to the so-called Illuminati, the Free-Masons, etc, and that
swirl and surround such groups as the Bilderbergers, the Council on
Foreign Relations (CFR), Skull and Bones, the Tri-Lateral Commission,
the Bohemian Grove, etc, - "conspiracy theories" pushed by NAIFS and DIMWITS such as Alex Jones, Pat Robertson,
Tex Marrs, Paul Joseph Watson, Jeff Rense, ad nauseum, and
which inevitably CONTAMINATE any serious study of the
Prophetic Scriptures. You MUST understand something concerning
the myths pushed by these NINCOMPOOPS; and that is this: If you
involve yourself in them you will INVARIABLY be led away from
the Scriptures and into "profane and old wives' fables" (I
Ti. 4:7) which will lead you nowhere. Indeed, the myths pushed by these
men, while they may be both seductive and intoxicating, are myths which
have their origins in DIVINATION AND SHAMANISM, and those who
are carried away by them will face a TERRIBLE end. These fables
are "works of the flesh" (Gal. 5:19) and those who are carried
away by them "SHALL NOT INHERIT THE KINGDOM OF GOD."
(Gal. 5:21) The Bible says:
"Beware of false prophets [people such as Alex Jones, Pat Robertson,
Tex Marrs, Paul Joseph Watson, Jeff Rense, ad nauseum.], which
come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves."
WHETHER YOU REALIZE IT OR NOT, ALL OF THE MYTHS WHICH SWIRL
AND SURROUND THE ILLUMINATI, THE FREE-MASONS AND SIMILAR GROUPS HAVE
THEIR ORIGINS IN ANTI-SEMITIC MYTHOLOGY, AND WHILE JONES, MAARS, RENSE,
ETC. MAY CLAIM THAT THEIR RENDITIONS OF THESE MYTHS HAVE BEEN SCRUBBED
CLEAN OF THEIR ANTI-SEMITISM, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO COMPLETELY REMOVE
THE STAIN OF THIS SCOURGE FROM THEM. TO TOUCH THESE MYTHS IS TO CONTAMINATE
YOURSELF WITH THIS DISEASE, AND THE BIBLE WARNS US THAT GOD WILL -
"Curse him that curseth thee (that is to say, Israel) ..."
Hence our warning: STAY AWAY FROM THESE MYTHS AND THE MEN WHO PROMULGATE
THEM OR YOU WILL HAVE GOD'S CURSE BROUGHT TO BEAR AGAINST YOU, and you
"SHALL NOT INHERIT THE KINGDOM OF GOD." (Gal. 5:21) You
are now warned!
We by now explored the anti-Semitic origins of the Illuminist Myth
from the French Revolution to the abortive Russian Revolution of 1905,
which was stamped out by the Czarist police, but which set the stage
for the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was in 1905 that the myth finally
broke out into the world under the name, The Protocols of the Learned
Elders of Zion.
THE PROTOCOLS AND
THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
1905 onward, anti-Semitism took a decidedly different turn; no longer
was it confined to religious circles; it had clearly burst those old
bounds and had begun to flow in new and much more dangerous channels
- so much so that agents of the government began to find it convenient
to invent Jewish names for all the Autocracy's opponents. From any kind
of a factual standpoint, this was nonsense; to be sure, Jews were involved
in the revolutionary movements of the time, but they played no greater
role than many other minorities who were likewise persecuted by the
The Protocols were republished in 1911 and 1912; but it was
not until 1917 (at the time of the Revolution) that they really took
off under a new title: He is Near, at the Door ... Here Comes Antichrist.
The 1917 version was distributed as a pocket-sized pamphlet to the
soldiers of the "White Armies" during the Revolution; most,
therefore, came to believe that the Revolution had been the product
of a Jewish conspiracy; and that Lenin, Trotsky, and the Red Army were
nothing more than puppets in this vast plot, an intrigue which was -
like the French Revolution before it - ultimately under the control
of the "Illuminati."
After the defeat of the "Whites," thousands of them fled
as expatriates to Western Europe, carrying with them their pocket-sized Protocols - and it was this rendition of the Protocols - with the imprimatur of the Czarist government on it's cover - which
found itself onto the pages of the Times of London and other newspapers
and magazines in the West; and more, it was this version which Russian
émigrés carried with them to America after the final collapse
of their forces in the Crimean Peninsula in 1922. TO THESE EMIGRES,
THE WAR IN RUSSIA HAD BEEN A CONTEST WHICH HAD PITTED "CHRISTIAN
RUSSIA" AGAINST THE POWER OF SATANIC ILLUMINISM, and it was
this mindset, along with their pocket-sized copies of the Protocols,
which they brought to this country - and it is precisely this myth which
Pat Robertson and others are using today as a means to galvanize Christians
into political action aimed at taking back the country for "Christ
and the church." To be sure, the references to the Jews have been
dropped and "code words" adopted (i.e., "secular-humanism,"
"liberals," "Illuminists," etc.), but the myth is
the same - and there, lurking in the background, are still the Jews.
Some Christians, no doubt, will have a difficult time believing that
their leaders could have "hooked into" such a deadly mythology
- that certainly the story which Robertson has described in the pages
of The New World Order is different from that which Hitler used to bewitch
the German people. The sad answer is, it's not! And it's not just that
there exists a good deal of evidence which suggests the parallel nature
of the two mythologies [i.e., Hitler's and Robertson's (minus the naked
references to the Jews and the overt racism which characterized German
fascism)] - but the fact is, it's relatively easy to prove the relationship
between the two (i.e., Robertson's version and Hitler's version) by
tracing the trail of the original mythology from Russia - where it first
surfaced as a full-blown story - to Germany and ultimately to the United
States. From there, it is not particularly difficult to follow its path
up through the years straight to Pat Robertson and others in the Christian
Right today. Many have done so. For example, take Professor Donald S.
Strong of the University of Texas. As early as 1941 he wrote,
"... it is important to note here that the ideology spread
by ... (enthusiasts of the Illuminati Myth) in the United States is
the same as that which accompanied certain political developments
in Russia before World War I, in Poland and Hungary shortly after
that war, and more recently in Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy (and finally
here in the United States)." [Donald Strong, Organized Anti-Semitism
in America (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1941), pg. 1.]
THE TORTURED PATH
OF THE ILLUMINATI MYTH
"The appearance of this ideology (i.e., the Illuminati Myth)
in postwar Hungary is of interest because, before World War I, anti-Semitism
was almost unknown there ... It was during the crushing of the short
lived ... (Communist) regime (in Budapest) that the antirevolutionary,
anti-Semitic ideology made its (first) appearance. Here, as in postwar
Russia, the ideology was not used as a means of elite defense; instead
an old elite (i.e., the aristocracy and the large landholders) temporarily
dislodged (by Bela Kun and the socialists), employed it as a means
of discrediting the new revolutionary (i.e., communist) elite and
justifying its (i.e., the aristocracy's) own return to power. Thus,
in the name of this antirevolutionary, anti-Semitic ideology, the
White Terror was directed not only against the ... (communists) in
general and the few Jewish Bolsheviks (who were connected to them),
but against all the half million Jews in Hungary. The speedy association
of (the) Jews ... with the) Bolsheviks in the (Illuminist) ideology
came about partly from the spread of the ideology from the White Russians
and partly from the fact that Bela Kun and several other leaders of
the revolution actually were Jews." [Donald Strong, Organized
Anti-Semitism in America (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston,
1941), pg. 6.]
From Hungary, the myth then spread into Germany. Like Russia, there
had been a history of anti-Semitism in the Reich; but like Russia again,
the anti-Semitism which had manifested itself prior to the First World
War was more religious than it was political. Moreover, the anti-Semitism
which had taken hold in Germany prior to the war had existed principally
only in the lower classes. The middle and upper classes were relatively
free of the scourge. Indeed, Bismarck, an aristocrat, had been responsible
for launching a campaign in the latter part of the nineteenth century
which had aimed at the full integration of the Jewish community into
all aspects of German life. There was, of course, some resistance: in
1871 Professor August Rohling, a theologian, produced Der Talmudjude
which represented Judaism as a devilish doctrine; in 1878, Adolf Stocker,
the court preacher, founded the anti-Semitic Christian Social Labor
Party; and finally - in connection with the Kulturkampf - the Catholic
Church initiated a crusade which aimed at blaming the Jews for its troubles
with Bismarck. But all in all, the population embraced Jewish assimilation
as a measure whose time had come - modernity seemed to demand it. Nonetheless,
despite this history of toleration, Germany - like Russia, Poland and
Hungary before it - succumbed quickly to the allure of the Illuminati
Myth and the political anti-Semitism which the myth inevitably unleashed;
and in this respect, the German experience differed from the others
only insofar as the "Communist Revolution" never really took
hold in Germany.
While the Spartacists - a radical group of German Socialists under
Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxumburg - threatened the government in Berlin
for three months in the winter of 1918-1919, and Socialists seized power
in Munich for a brief period, they were all quickly swept away. Unlike
Poland, Hungary and Russia, no real military threat ever materialized
in Germany. The catalyst in Germany was profound economic distress.
"The more menacing the ... (economic situation) became, the
stronger the Nazis grew, ever professing to be defenders of the existing
social order against revolutionary chaos." [Donald S. Strong,
Organized Anti-Semitism in America (Washington, D.C.: American Council
on Public Affairs, 1940), pp. 83-108.]
The Protocols are such a transparent forgery that one may wonder
how it was that they spread so fast throughout the Christian West. The
fact remains, however, that multitudes of people who were by no means
insane took them very seriously at the time - after all, the government
of one of the greatest nations in the world, Imperial Russia, had attested
in unequivocal terms to their authenticity. Indeed, the Times of London
editorialized, "What are these Protocols? Are they authentic?
If so, what malevolent assembly concocted these plans and gloated over
their exposition? ... Have we by straining every fiber of our national
body escaped a Pax Germanica only to fall into a Pax Judaica?"
But shortly thereafter, the myth began to unravel. On August 18, 1921,
the Times of London, which had done so much to spread the myth, took
the lead in unraveling it by devoting a resounding editorial admitting
its error. The Times had just published in its issues of August 16,
17, and 18 a lengthy dispatch from its correspondent in Constantinople,
Philip Graves, which revealed the fact that the Protocols were
nothing more than a clumsy forgery copied from Maurice Joly's play,
Dialogue aux Enfers entre Montesquieu et Machiavel.
THE RAISON D'ETRE BEHIND
THE MYTH'S MAGNETISM
Still, countless numbers of people continued to feel irresistible drawn
to the myth - the facts of the matter notwithstanding. Professor Strong
also noted this phenomenon back in 1941 and was puzzled by it - and
he refused to write off those who were drawn to it as uneducated buffoons
- certainly Ford, DuPont, the Pope, Churchill and countless others like
them could not be so easily dismissed. There had to be something more
behind the myth's "drawing power."
To get a more precise idea of why people were drawn to the myth, Strong
undertook a study of more than 121 organizations which were involved
in one way or another with the Illuminist Myth during the years 1933-1940.
"To understand precisely how and why ... the (Illuminist Myth)
has circulated in America ... it is necessary to examine the character
of the proponent organizations. What are the personality types, occupations,
and affiliations of the leaders? What is the class status, religion,
and geography ... of the membership? How are funds raised? What sort
of propaganda is used and through what channels? To what extent do
the groups cooperate? What objectives have they in common? These are
the key questions to be answered." [Donald Strong, Organized
Anti-Semitism in America (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston,
1941), pg. 15.]
Strong chose 9 groups out of the 121 as representative; he then proceeded
to subject these groups to a minute examination. He found that they
could be grouped broadly into three different categories:
Christian groups (the National Union for Social Justice, the American
Christian Defenders, and the Defenders of the Christian Faith);
Antilabor and business groups (the Industrial Defense Association,
the Edmondson Economic Service, the American Vigilant Intelligence Service,
and James True Associates); and
Political and patriotic groups (The Paul Reveres and the Order of '76).
AND IT'S PRECISELY HERE THAT STRONG BEGAN TO DISCOVER THE REAL REASON
BEHIND THE "STAYING POWER" OF THE ILLUMINIST MYTH: IT WAS
THE GLUE WHICH WAS HOLDING TOGETHER THIS RATHER POLYGLOT ALLIANCE OF
OTHERWISE UNRELATED CULTURAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL GROUPS WHICH WAS
STANDING IN THE WAY OF SOCIALIST FORCES WHICH THREATENED THEIR UNDOING.
The myth (whether expressed as the "Illuminist Plot," the
"Communist Conspiracy," and/or "Secular-Humanism")
gave the alliance the raison d'etre necessary to hold it together. It
provided an enemy against which they could rally their forces and make
"common cause." Without it, the alliance would fall apart.
The myth stimulated -
Businessmen and antilabor groups because it portrayed communism
and the business community's hated adversaries, the labor unions,
as tools of Illuminism;
It galvanized Christians in as much as it painted a dire threat
against Christianity; and finally
It excited national and patriotic groups as a response to the "one-worldism"
Thus, it was (and is) in the interest of all three communities [Big
Business and antilabor groups); Christians; and the various nationalist
and patriotic groups (i.e., the John Birch Society, the American Security
Council, etc.)] to fan the flames of Illuminism, and - if only unwittingly
and unintentionally - the underlying anti-Semitism that goes along with
it. Thus, it is a matter of pure fact - even today - that one cannot
involve himself in this alliance without someday involving himself in
anti-Semitism! - and this is as true for Christians as it is for Big
Business, and the various nationalist and patriotic groups.
PLAYING WITH FIRE
What is it about American Christians which makes them think that they
can play with such fire (i.e., the Illuminist Myth) and not get burned?
Over twenty million people - from the White Terror which so gripped
Europe after the First World War to the ovens of Auschwitz during the
Second World War - have perished directly as a result of this myth.
Christians are being hustled, and its not "Minnesota Fats"
who's doing the hustling, but experts at the game of politics who would
pimp their own mothers as prostitutes if it could achieve their goal
of worldly political power. Thinking we are wise, we have become fools
and are playing with the same fire which consumed the White Russians
and the German people. American Christians think to use the political
process for their own ends, but in the final analysis it may be the
political process which will use them for its ends.
Much of this information
comes from two sources: Norman Cohn, Warrant for Genocide and Donald Strong, Organized Anti-Semitism in America.